Vol 25, No 4 (2020)
Original research articles
Published online: 2020-07-01

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Monte carlo model and output factors of elekta infinity™ 6 and 10 MV photon beam

Sitti Yani12, Indra Budiansah2, Mohamad Fahdillah Rhani3, Freddy Haryanto2
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2020.03.021
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2020;25(4):470-478.

Abstract

Aim

This study aimed to commission the Elekta Infinity™ working in 6 and 10 MV photon beam installed in Concord International Hospital, Singapore, and compare the OFs between MC simulation and measurement using PTW semiflex and microDiamond detector for small field sizes.

Material and Methods

There are two main steps in this study: modelling of Linac 6 and 10 MV photon beam and analysis of the output factors for field size 2 × 2–10 × 10 cm2. The EGSnrc/BEAMnrc-DOSXYZnrc code was used to model and characterize the Linac and to calculate the dose distributions in a water phantom. The dose distribution and OFs were compared to the measurement data in the same condition.

Results

The commissioning process was only conducted for a 10 × 10 cm2 field size. The PDD obtained from MC simulation showed a good agreement with the measurement. The local dose difference of PDDs was less than 2% for 6 and 10 MV. The initial electron energy was 5.2 and 9.4 MeV for 6 and 10 MV photon beam, respectively. This Linac model can be used for dose calculation in other situations and different field sizes because this Linac has been commissioned and validated using Monte Carlo simulation. The 10 MV Linac produces higher electron contamination than that of 6 MV.

Conclusions

The Linac model in this study was acceptable. The most important result in this work comes from OFs resulted from MC calculation. This value was more significant than the OFs from measurement using semiflex and microDiamond for all beam energy and field sizes because of the CPE phenomenon.

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