Vol 25, No 2 (2020)
Original research articles
Published online: 2020-03-01

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Protection effect of cerium oxide nanoparticles against radiation-induced acute lung injuries in rats

Fatemeh Kadivar12, Gholamhassan Haddadi12, Mohammad Amin Mosleh-Shirazi12, Fatemeh Khajeh3, Alireza Tavasoli3
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2019.12.023
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2020;25(2):206-211.

Abstract

Introduction

Radiation therapy is one of the most common tools for treating cancer. The aim is to deliver adequate doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and the most challenging part during this procedure is to protect normal cells from radiation. One strategy is to use a radioprotector to spare normal tissues from ionizing radiation effects. Researchers have pursued cerium oxide nanoparticles as a therapeutic agent, due to its diverse characteristics, which include antioxidant properties, making it a potential radioprotector.

Materials and methods

One hundred rats were divided into five groups of A) control group, intraperitoneal (IP) saline injection was done twice a week; B) bi-weekly IP injection of 14.5nM (0.00001mg/kg) CNP for two weeks; C) a single whole thorax radiation dose of 18Gy; D) a single whole thorax radiation dose of 18Gy+bi-weekly injection of 14.5nM CNP for two weeks after radiation; E) bi-weekly IP injection of 14.5nM CNP for two weeks prior to radiation+a single whole thorax radiation dose of 18Gy. Thirty days after irradiation, 7 rats from each group were anesthetized and their lungs extracted for histopathological examination.

Results

Statistical analyses revealed that CNP significantly decreased the incidence of tissue collapse and neutrophile aggregation in rats receiving CNP before radiation in comparison with the radiation group.

Conclusion

The results suggested the possibility of using CNP as a future radioprotector due to its ability to protect normal cells against radiation-induced damage.

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Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy