Vol 25, No 2 (2020)
Original research articles
Published online: 2020-03-01

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Characterization of irregular electron beam for boost dose after whole breast irradiation

Ayat M. Saadeldin1, Azhar M. Elwan2
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2020.01.007
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2020;25(2):168-173.

Abstract

Irradiating a tumor bed with boost dose after whole breast irradiation helps reducing the probability of local recurrence. However, the success of electron beam treatment with a small area aiming to cover a superficial lesion is a dual challenge as it requires an adequate dosimetry beside a double check for dose coverage with an estimation of various combined uncertainty of tumor location and losing lateral electron equilibrium within small field dimensions.

Aim of work

this work aims to measure the electron beam fluence within different field dimensions and the deviation from measurement performed in standard square electron applicator beam flatness and symmetry, then to calculate the average range of the correction factor required to overcome the loss of lateral electron equilibrium.

Material and method

the electron beam used in this work generated from the linear accelerator model ELEKTA Precise and dosimetry system used were a pair of PTW Pin Point ion chambers for electron beam dosimetry at standard conditions and assessment of beam quality at a reference depth of measurement, with an automatic water phantom, then a Roos ion chamber was used for absolute dose measurement, and PTW 2Darray to investigate the beam fluence of four applicators 6, 10, 14 and 20 cm2 and 4 rectangular cutouts 6×14, 8×14, 6×17 and 8×17 cm2, the second part was clinical application which was performed in a precise treatment planning system and examined boost dose after whole breast irradiation.

Results

revealed that lower energy (6MeV and 8MeV) showed the loss of lateral electron equilibrium and deviation from measurements of a standard applicator more than the high energy (15 MeV) which indicated that the treatment of superficial dose with 6MeV required higher monitor unit to allow for the loss of lateral electron equilibrium and higher margin as well.

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Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy