Vol 25, No 1 (2020)
Original research articles
Published online: 2020-01-01

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Evaluating the predictive value of quantec rectum tolerance dose suggestions on acute rectal toxicity in prostate carcinoma patients treated with IMRT

E. Elif Ozkan, Alper Ozseven1, Z. Arda Cerkesli1
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2019.12.002
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2020;25(1):50-54.

Abstract

Aim

To investigate the predictive value of convenience of rectum dosimetry with Quantitative Analysis of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic (QUANTEC) dose limits, maximum rectum dose (Dmax), total rectal volume (TVrectum), rectal volume included in PTV (VrectumPTV) on Grade 2–3 acute rectal toxicity for utilization in clinical practice.

Background

Numerous previous data have reported frequent acute proctitis after external-beam RT of prostate cancer. Predicting toxicity limited with dose information is inadequate in clinical practice due to comorbidities and medications used.

Materials and Method

Sixty-four non-metastatic prostate cancer patients treated with IMRT were enrolled. Patients were treated to a total dose of 70–76Gy. Rectal dose volume histograms (DVH) of all patients were evaluated retrospectively, and a QUANTEC Score between 0 and 5 was calculated for each patient. The correlation between the rectal DVH data, QUANTEC score, TVrectum, VrectumPTV, rectum Dmax and Grade 2–3 rectal toxicity was investigated.

Results

In the whole group grade 1, 2 and 3 acute rectal toxicities were 25%, 18.8% and 3.1%, respectively. In the DVH data, rectum doses of all patients were under RTOG dose limits. Statistically significant correlation was found between grade 2–3 rectal toxicity and TVrectum (p=0,043); however. It was not correlated with QUANTEC score, VrectumPTV and Dmax.

Conclusion

Our results were not able to show any significant correlation between increasing convenience with QUANTEC limits and lower rectal toxicity. Conclusively, new dosimetric definitions are warranted to predict acute rectal toxicity more accurately in prostate cancer patients during IMRT treatment.

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Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy