Vol 25, No 1 (2020)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-01-01

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Radiobiological models in prediction of radiation cardiotoxicity

Wiktoria M. Suchorska12
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2019.12.001
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2020;25(1):46-49.

Abstract

Coronary disease induced by previous radiotherapy is the most common cause of death among patients treated with radiotherapy for cancer. Risk factors that may affect the frequency and intensity of radiotherapy’s cardiac toxicity are primarily the radiation dose and the volume of the heart exposed to radiation. The prolonged survival time of patients after radiotherapy, but also the intensive development of modern radiotherapy techniques results in the necessity of precise estimation of both tumor control probability, and the risk of normal tissue damage, thus the models describing the probability of complications in normal tissues have also been developed. The response from the cardiovascular system to high-dose radiation is known and associated with a pro-inflammatory response. However, the effect of low doses may be completely different because it induces an anti-inflammatory response. Also, there is no unambiguous answer to the question of whether RICD is a deterministic effect. Moreover, there is a lack of literature data on the use of known radiobiological models to assess the risk of cardiovascular complications. The models described are general and concerns any healthy tissue. Therefore, when planning treatment for patients, particular attention should be paid to the dose and area of ​​the heart to be irradiated.

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Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy