open access

Vol 24, No 5 (2019)
Original research articles
Published online: 2019-09-01
Submitted: 2018-12-29
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Study of gold nanoparticles for mammography diagnostic and radiotherapy improvements

Lorenzo Torrisi, Nancy Restuccia, Alfio Torrisi
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2019.07.005
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2019;24(5):450-457.

open access

Vol 24, No 5 (2019)
Original research articles
Published online: 2019-09-01
Submitted: 2018-12-29

Abstract

Aim

A study on the possibility to use gold nanoparticles in mammography, both for a better image diagnostics and radiotherapy, is presented and discussed. We evaluate quantitatively the increment of dose released to the tumor enriched with Au-NPs with respect to the near healthy tissues, finding that for X-rays the increase can reach two orders of greater intensity.

Background

Gold nanoparticles continue to be investigated for their potential to improve existing therapies and to develop novel therapies. They are simple to obtain, can be functionalized with different chemical approaches, are stable, non-toxic, non-immunogenic and have high permeability and retention effects in the tumor cells. The possibility to use these for breast calcified tumors to be better treated by radiotherapy is presented as a possible method to destroy the tumor.

Materials and methods

The nanoparticles can be generated in water using the top-down method, should have a size of the order of 10–20nm and be treated to avoid their coalescence. Under diagnostic X-ray monitoring, the solution containing nanoparticles can be injected locally inside the tumor site avoiding injection in healthy tissues. The concentrations that can be used should be of the order of 10mg/ml or higher.

Results

An enhancement of the computerized tomography diagnostics using 80–150keV energy is expected, due to the higher mass X-ray coefficient attenuation with respect to other contrast media. Due to the increment of the effective atomic number of the biological tissue containing the gold nanoparticles, also an improvement of the radiotherapy effect using about 30keV X-ray energy is expected, due to the higher photoelectric cross sections involved.

Conclusions

The study carried out represents a feasibility proposal for the use of Au-nanoparticles for mammographic molecular imaging aimed at radiotherapy of tumor nodules but no clinical results are presented.

Abstract

Aim

A study on the possibility to use gold nanoparticles in mammography, both for a better image diagnostics and radiotherapy, is presented and discussed. We evaluate quantitatively the increment of dose released to the tumor enriched with Au-NPs with respect to the near healthy tissues, finding that for X-rays the increase can reach two orders of greater intensity.

Background

Gold nanoparticles continue to be investigated for their potential to improve existing therapies and to develop novel therapies. They are simple to obtain, can be functionalized with different chemical approaches, are stable, non-toxic, non-immunogenic and have high permeability and retention effects in the tumor cells. The possibility to use these for breast calcified tumors to be better treated by radiotherapy is presented as a possible method to destroy the tumor.

Materials and methods

The nanoparticles can be generated in water using the top-down method, should have a size of the order of 10–20nm and be treated to avoid their coalescence. Under diagnostic X-ray monitoring, the solution containing nanoparticles can be injected locally inside the tumor site avoiding injection in healthy tissues. The concentrations that can be used should be of the order of 10mg/ml or higher.

Results

An enhancement of the computerized tomography diagnostics using 80–150keV energy is expected, due to the higher mass X-ray coefficient attenuation with respect to other contrast media. Due to the increment of the effective atomic number of the biological tissue containing the gold nanoparticles, also an improvement of the radiotherapy effect using about 30keV X-ray energy is expected, due to the higher photoelectric cross sections involved.

Conclusions

The study carried out represents a feasibility proposal for the use of Au-nanoparticles for mammographic molecular imaging aimed at radiotherapy of tumor nodules but no clinical results are presented.

Get Citation

Keywords

Gold nanoparticles; Mammography; Diagnostics; Radiotherapy

About this article
Title

Study of gold nanoparticles for mammography diagnostic and radiotherapy improvements

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 24, No 5 (2019)

Pages

450-457

Published online

2019-09-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2019.07.005

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2019;24(5):450-457.

Keywords

Gold nanoparticles
Mammography
Diagnostics
Radiotherapy

Authors

Lorenzo Torrisi
Nancy Restuccia
Alfio Torrisi

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