open access

Vol 23, No 5 (2018)
Original research articles
Published online: 2018-09-01
Submitted: 2018-03-16
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Design of spread-out Bragg peaks in hadron therapy with oxygen ions

Ladan Rezaee
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2018.08.004
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2018;23(5):433-441.

open access

Vol 23, No 5 (2018)
Original research articles
Published online: 2018-09-01
Submitted: 2018-03-16

Abstract

Aim

Design of a numerical method for creating spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) and evaluation of the best parameter in Bortfeld Model to this aim in oxygen ion therapy.

Background

In radiotherapy, oxygen ions have more biological benefits than light beams. Oxygen ions have a higher linear energy transfer (LET) and larger relative biological effectiveness (RBE) than lighter ones.

Materials and methods

For the design of the spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) for oxygen beam, we designed a numerical method using the Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation code, along with matrix computations.

Results

The profiles of the Bragg Peak have been calculated for each section in the target area by the Geant4 tool. Then, in order to produce SOBP smoothly, a set of weighting factors for the intensity of oxygen ion radiation in each energy was extracted through a numerically designed method. This method was tested for producing SOBP at various widths and at different depths of a phantom. Also, weighting factors of intensity for producing a flat SOBP with oxygen ions were also obtained using the Bortfeld model in order to determine the best parameters. Then, the results of the Bortfeld model were compared with the outcomes of the method that was developed in this study.

Conclusions

The results showed that while the SOBP designed by the Bortfeld model has a homogeneity of 92–97%, the SOBP designed by the numerical method in the present study is above 99%, which in some cases even closed to 100%.

Abstract

Aim

Design of a numerical method for creating spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) and evaluation of the best parameter in Bortfeld Model to this aim in oxygen ion therapy.

Background

In radiotherapy, oxygen ions have more biological benefits than light beams. Oxygen ions have a higher linear energy transfer (LET) and larger relative biological effectiveness (RBE) than lighter ones.

Materials and methods

For the design of the spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) for oxygen beam, we designed a numerical method using the Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation code, along with matrix computations.

Results

The profiles of the Bragg Peak have been calculated for each section in the target area by the Geant4 tool. Then, in order to produce SOBP smoothly, a set of weighting factors for the intensity of oxygen ion radiation in each energy was extracted through a numerically designed method. This method was tested for producing SOBP at various widths and at different depths of a phantom. Also, weighting factors of intensity for producing a flat SOBP with oxygen ions were also obtained using the Bortfeld model in order to determine the best parameters. Then, the results of the Bortfeld model were compared with the outcomes of the method that was developed in this study.

Conclusions

The results showed that while the SOBP designed by the Bortfeld model has a homogeneity of 92–97%, the SOBP designed by the numerical method in the present study is above 99%, which in some cases even closed to 100%.

Get Citation

Keywords

Spread-out Bragg peak; Hadron therapy; Monte Carlo calculation; Oxygen beam

About this article
Title

Design of spread-out Bragg peaks in hadron therapy with oxygen ions

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 23, No 5 (2018)

Pages

433-441

Published online

2018-09-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2018.08.004

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2018;23(5):433-441.

Keywords

Spread-out Bragg peak
Hadron therapy
Monte Carlo calculation
Oxygen beam

Authors

Ladan Rezaee

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