open access

Vol 23, No 5 (2018)
Original research articles
Published online: 2018-09-01
Submitted: 2017-06-12
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Evaluation of application of EPID for rapid QC testing of linear accelerator

Shahla Ebrahimi Moghadam, Shahrokh Nasseri, Seyedeh Somayeh Seyedi, Hamid Gholamhosseinian, Mehdi Momennezhad
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2018.07.008
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2018;23(5):369-377.

open access

Vol 23, No 5 (2018)
Original research articles
Published online: 2018-09-01
Submitted: 2017-06-12

Abstract

Aim

Evaluation of application of EPID for rapid QC testing of linear accelerator.

Background

Quality control of a linear accelerator device is a time and energy intensive process. In this study, attempts have been made to perform the linear accelerator quality control using electronic portal imaging device (EPID), which is mounted on most accelerators.

Materials and methods

First, quality control and dosimetry parameters of the device were determined and measured based on standard protocols to ensure full calibration of the accelerator. Then, various features of EPID including spatial resolution and contrast resolution, the effect of buildup region, dose response and image uniformity were evaluated. In the next step, consistent with the parameters of linear accelerator quality control including field size, field flatness and symmetry, the light field coincidence with X-ray field, mechanical stability and multileaf collimator position accuracy test, the output images of device were obtained.

After feeding images to the MATLAB software, their pixel content was analyzed. All measurements of the three photon beams were repeated three times.

Results

The EPID image had a desirable resolution, contrast and uniformity and displayed high sensitivity to dose changes with linear dose response. Seven qualitative parameters of the linear accelerator were then controlled by EPID.

Conclusions

The results of the linear accelerator quality control using the EPID were consistent with practice. Quality control using the EPID was more convenient and faster than conventional methods.

Abstract

Aim

Evaluation of application of EPID for rapid QC testing of linear accelerator.

Background

Quality control of a linear accelerator device is a time and energy intensive process. In this study, attempts have been made to perform the linear accelerator quality control using electronic portal imaging device (EPID), which is mounted on most accelerators.

Materials and methods

First, quality control and dosimetry parameters of the device were determined and measured based on standard protocols to ensure full calibration of the accelerator. Then, various features of EPID including spatial resolution and contrast resolution, the effect of buildup region, dose response and image uniformity were evaluated. In the next step, consistent with the parameters of linear accelerator quality control including field size, field flatness and symmetry, the light field coincidence with X-ray field, mechanical stability and multileaf collimator position accuracy test, the output images of device were obtained.

After feeding images to the MATLAB software, their pixel content was analyzed. All measurements of the three photon beams were repeated three times.

Results

The EPID image had a desirable resolution, contrast and uniformity and displayed high sensitivity to dose changes with linear dose response. Seven qualitative parameters of the linear accelerator were then controlled by EPID.

Conclusions

The results of the linear accelerator quality control using the EPID were consistent with practice. Quality control using the EPID was more convenient and faster than conventional methods.

Get Citation

Keywords

Linear accelerator; Quality control; EPID

About this article
Title

Evaluation of application of EPID for rapid QC testing of linear accelerator

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 23, No 5 (2018)

Pages

369-377

Published online

2018-09-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2018.07.008

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2018;23(5):369-377.

Keywords

Linear accelerator
Quality control
EPID

Authors

Shahla Ebrahimi Moghadam
Shahrokh Nasseri
Seyedeh Somayeh Seyedi
Hamid Gholamhosseinian
Mehdi Momennezhad

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