open access

Vol 23, No 3 (2018)
Original research articles
Published online: 2018-05-01
Submitted: 2017-12-09
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Predictors of chemoradiation related febrile neutropenia prophylaxis in older adults – Experience from a limited resource setting

Aparna Gangopadhyay
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2018.02.004
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2018;23(3):228-231.

open access

Vol 23, No 3 (2018)
Original research articles
Published online: 2018-05-01
Submitted: 2017-12-09

Abstract

Aim

To identify risk factors that lower efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis of febrile neutropenia among older patients on chemoradiation.

Background

Audit of institutional data showed that older adults are at higher risk of febrile neutropenia during chemoradiation. In limited resource settings widespread use of Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) is not economically feasible and antibiotics are used commonly. Despite compliance with antibiotics, prophylaxis is inadequate in many patients owing to patient and tumor related factors.

Materials and methods

Data from records of 219 older patients receiving antibiotic prophylaxis during chemoradiation were studied. Baseline assessment data and predisposing factors for febrile neutropenia were recorded. All patients received prophylactic fluoroquinolones. Incidence of febrile neutropenia and association with predisposing factors at baseline was analyzed by multiple logistic regression.

Results

38.4% developed febrile neutropenia despite compliance. Multiple logistic regression revealed geriatric assessment (G8) score and tumor stage to be significant predictors of febrile neutropenia while on antibiotics (p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]<[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.0001). Odds ratios for two significant predictors G8 score and tumor stage, respectively, were 2.9 (95% CI 1.8036–4.6815) and 2.7 (95% CI 1.7501–4.1318). Correlation between these two significant predictors was found to be low in our cohort (Spearman's coefficient of rank correlation (rho) – 0.431, p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]<[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.0001).

Conclusion

G8 score and tumor burden are significant predictors of efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis among older adults receiving chemoradiation. In older patients having poor G8 scores and advanced tumors, antibiotic prophylaxis is unsuitable. Interestingly, co-morbidities and poor performance status did not impact efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis among our elderly patients.

Abstract

Aim

To identify risk factors that lower efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis of febrile neutropenia among older patients on chemoradiation.

Background

Audit of institutional data showed that older adults are at higher risk of febrile neutropenia during chemoradiation. In limited resource settings widespread use of Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) is not economically feasible and antibiotics are used commonly. Despite compliance with antibiotics, prophylaxis is inadequate in many patients owing to patient and tumor related factors.

Materials and methods

Data from records of 219 older patients receiving antibiotic prophylaxis during chemoradiation were studied. Baseline assessment data and predisposing factors for febrile neutropenia were recorded. All patients received prophylactic fluoroquinolones. Incidence of febrile neutropenia and association with predisposing factors at baseline was analyzed by multiple logistic regression.

Results

38.4% developed febrile neutropenia despite compliance. Multiple logistic regression revealed geriatric assessment (G8) score and tumor stage to be significant predictors of febrile neutropenia while on antibiotics (p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]<[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.0001). Odds ratios for two significant predictors G8 score and tumor stage, respectively, were 2.9 (95% CI 1.8036–4.6815) and 2.7 (95% CI 1.7501–4.1318). Correlation between these two significant predictors was found to be low in our cohort (Spearman's coefficient of rank correlation (rho) – 0.431, p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]<[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.0001).

Conclusion

G8 score and tumor burden are significant predictors of efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis among older adults receiving chemoradiation. In older patients having poor G8 scores and advanced tumors, antibiotic prophylaxis is unsuitable. Interestingly, co-morbidities and poor performance status did not impact efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis among our elderly patients.

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Keywords

Oncology in older adults; Limited resource practice; Febrile neutropenia; Antibiotic prophylaxis; Chemotherapy; Fluoroquinolones

About this article
Title

Predictors of chemoradiation related febrile neutropenia prophylaxis in older adults – Experience from a limited resource setting

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 23, No 3 (2018)

Pages

228-231

Published online

2018-05-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2018.02.004

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2018;23(3):228-231.

Keywords

Oncology in older adults
Limited resource practice
Febrile neutropenia
Antibiotic prophylaxis
Chemotherapy
Fluoroquinolones

Authors

Aparna Gangopadhyay

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