open access

Vol 22, No 4 (2017)
Original research articles
Published online: 2017-07-01
Submitted: 2016-12-22
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Utility of intraoral stents in external beam radiotherapy for head and neck cancer

Hiroshi Doi, Masao Tanooka, Toshihisa Ishida, Kuniyasu Moridera, Kenji Ichimiya, Kazuo Tarutani, Kazuhiro Kitajima, Masayuki Fujiwara, Hiromitsu Kishimoto, Norihiko Kamikonya
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2017.03.002
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2017;22(4):310-318.

open access

Vol 22, No 4 (2017)
Original research articles
Published online: 2017-07-01
Submitted: 2016-12-22

Abstract

Aim

This study aimed to assess the utility and stability of intraoral stent during intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).

Background

The benefits of intraoral stents in radiotherapy are unclear.

Materials and methods

We analyzed 386 setup errors in 12 patients who received IMRT for head and neck cancers without intraoral stents (intraoral stent [−]) and 183 setup errors in 6 patients who received IMRT with intraoral stents (intraoral stent [+]). All patients were matched according to the immobilization method (masks and boards). Setup errors were measured as the distance from the initial setup based on the marking on the skin and mask to the corrected position based on bone matching on cone beam computed tomography.

Results

The mean interfractional setup errors in the right–left, craniocaudal, anterior–posterior (AP), and three-dimensional (3D) directions were −0.33, 0.08, −0.25, and 2.75[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stent (−) group and −0.37, 0.24, −0.63, and 2.42[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stent (+) group, respectively (P[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.50, 0.65, 0.01, and 0.02, respectively). The systematic errors for the same directions were 0.89, 1.46, 1.15, and 0.88[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stent (−) group and 0.62, 1.69, 0.68, and 0.56[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stents (+) group, respectively. The random errors were 1.43, 1.43, 1.44, and 1.22[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stent (−) group and 1.06, 1.11, 1.05, and 0.92[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stents (+) group, respectively.

Conclusion

Setup errors can be significantly reduced in the AP and 3D-directions by using intraoral stents.

Abstract

Aim

This study aimed to assess the utility and stability of intraoral stent during intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).

Background

The benefits of intraoral stents in radiotherapy are unclear.

Materials and methods

We analyzed 386 setup errors in 12 patients who received IMRT for head and neck cancers without intraoral stents (intraoral stent [−]) and 183 setup errors in 6 patients who received IMRT with intraoral stents (intraoral stent [+]). All patients were matched according to the immobilization method (masks and boards). Setup errors were measured as the distance from the initial setup based on the marking on the skin and mask to the corrected position based on bone matching on cone beam computed tomography.

Results

The mean interfractional setup errors in the right–left, craniocaudal, anterior–posterior (AP), and three-dimensional (3D) directions were −0.33, 0.08, −0.25, and 2.75[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stent (−) group and −0.37, 0.24, −0.63, and 2.42[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stent (+) group, respectively (P[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.50, 0.65, 0.01, and 0.02, respectively). The systematic errors for the same directions were 0.89, 1.46, 1.15, and 0.88[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stent (−) group and 0.62, 1.69, 0.68, and 0.56[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stents (+) group, respectively. The random errors were 1.43, 1.43, 1.44, and 1.22[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stent (−) group and 1.06, 1.11, 1.05, and 0.92[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm in the intraoral stents (+) group, respectively.

Conclusion

Setup errors can be significantly reduced in the AP and 3D-directions by using intraoral stents.

Get Citation

Keywords

Intensity modulated radiation therapy; Setup error; Head and neck cancer; Bite block immobilization; Radiotherapy

About this article
Title

Utility of intraoral stents in external beam radiotherapy for head and neck cancer

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 22, No 4 (2017)

Pages

310-318

Published online

2017-07-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2017.03.002

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2017;22(4):310-318.

Keywords

Intensity modulated radiation therapy
Setup error
Head and neck cancer
Bite block immobilization
Radiotherapy

Authors

Hiroshi Doi
Masao Tanooka
Toshihisa Ishida
Kuniyasu Moridera
Kenji Ichimiya
Kazuo Tarutani
Kazuhiro Kitajima
Masayuki Fujiwara
Hiromitsu Kishimoto
Norihiko Kamikonya

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