open access

Vol 21, No 5 (2016)
Original research articles
Published online: 2016-09-01
Submitted: 2016-03-14
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Tumour volumes: Predictors of early treatment response in locally advanced head and neck cancers treated with definitive chemoradiation

Parveen Ahlawat, Sheh Rawat, Anjali Kakria, Manoj Pal, Deepika Chauhan, Sarthak Tandon, Shraddha Jain
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2016.04.002
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2016;21(5):419-426.

open access

Vol 21, No 5 (2016)
Original research articles
Published online: 2016-09-01
Submitted: 2016-03-14

Abstract

Aim

To analyse and predict early response 3 months post definitive chemoradiation (CCRT) utilising tumour volume (TV) measurement in locally advanced head and neck cancers (LAHNC).

Background

LAHNC are 3-dimentional lesions. The largest diameter of these tumours measured for T-classification may not necessarily reflect the true tumour dimensions. TV accurately reflects the tumour burden because it is a measurement of tumour burden in all three dimensions.

Materials and methods

It is a single institutional prospective study including 101 patients with LAHNC treated with definitive CCRT. TV data noted were primary tumour volume (PTV), total nodal volume (TNV) and total tumour volume (TTV). Response evaluation was done at 3 months after the completion of definitive CCRT and patients were categorised either having achieved complete response (CR) or residual disease.

Results

Patients who had not achieved CR were found to have larger TV compared with those who had achieved CR. There were significant inverse correlations between PTV and response (median 16.37[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3 vs. 45.2[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3; p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.001), and between TTV and response (median 36.14[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3 vs. 66.06[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3; p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]<[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis identified an “optimal cut-off” value of 41[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3 for PTV and 42[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3 for TTV above and below which the magnitude of difference in response was the greatest.

Conclusions

If response evaluation 3 months post CCRT is to be predicted it is simply not enough to measure the largest single dimension of the tumour. TV seems to be a better and more accurate reflection of the true total tumour burden or extent of the disease.

Abstract

Aim

To analyse and predict early response 3 months post definitive chemoradiation (CCRT) utilising tumour volume (TV) measurement in locally advanced head and neck cancers (LAHNC).

Background

LAHNC are 3-dimentional lesions. The largest diameter of these tumours measured for T-classification may not necessarily reflect the true tumour dimensions. TV accurately reflects the tumour burden because it is a measurement of tumour burden in all three dimensions.

Materials and methods

It is a single institutional prospective study including 101 patients with LAHNC treated with definitive CCRT. TV data noted were primary tumour volume (PTV), total nodal volume (TNV) and total tumour volume (TTV). Response evaluation was done at 3 months after the completion of definitive CCRT and patients were categorised either having achieved complete response (CR) or residual disease.

Results

Patients who had not achieved CR were found to have larger TV compared with those who had achieved CR. There were significant inverse correlations between PTV and response (median 16.37[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3 vs. 45.2[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3; p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.001), and between TTV and response (median 36.14[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3 vs. 66.06[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3; p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]<[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis identified an “optimal cut-off” value of 41[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3 for PTV and 42[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm3 for TTV above and below which the magnitude of difference in response was the greatest.

Conclusions

If response evaluation 3 months post CCRT is to be predicted it is simply not enough to measure the largest single dimension of the tumour. TV seems to be a better and more accurate reflection of the true total tumour burden or extent of the disease.

Get Citation

Keywords

Chemoradiation; Early response; Head neck; Prognostic factors; Tumour volume

About this article
Title

Tumour volumes: Predictors of early treatment response in locally advanced head and neck cancers treated with definitive chemoradiation

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 21, No 5 (2016)

Pages

419-426

Published online

2016-09-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2016.04.002

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2016;21(5):419-426.

Keywords

Chemoradiation
Early response
Head neck
Prognostic factors
Tumour volume

Authors

Parveen Ahlawat
Sheh Rawat
Anjali Kakria
Manoj Pal
Deepika Chauhan
Sarthak Tandon
Shraddha Jain

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