open access

Vol 20, No 5 (2015)
Reviews
Published online: 2015-09-01
Submitted: 2014-12-04
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What do women know about breast cancer prophylaxis and a healthy style of life?

Jolanta Sielska, Monika Matecka, Eliza Dąbrowska, Ewa Jakubek, Monika Urbaniak
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2015.06.001
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2015;20(5):321-327.

open access

Vol 20, No 5 (2015)
Reviews
Published online: 2015-09-01
Submitted: 2014-12-04

Abstract

Aim

The aim of the study was to determine the factors influencing women's knowledge concerning breast cancer prophylaxis and find out the sources of the knowledge.

Background

In the Greater Poland region, breast cancer has been the most frequently detected tumour for years. The percentage of breast cancer cases has increased by 31% in the last decade.

Materials and methods

The study encompassed 337 women aged 40–59 who participated in the mammographic examinations. An original research tool was used which assessed the level of knowledge concerning breast cancer prophylaxis, the knowledge of health-oriented behaviour in this regard and the influence of the medical personnel on women's education.

Results

Age is a factor diversifying the knowledge of the breast self-examination method. Doctors and nurses were rarely indicated as a source of knowledge concerning breast cancer prophylaxis. The subjects presented a high level of knowledge of the factors increasing the risk of developing cancer.

Conclusions

A correlation between the level of education and the knowledge of one's own breast to a degree which enables a woman to detect even a slight change was observed. Vital findings also concern the sources of knowledge concerning breast cancer prophylaxis. The results of the studies indicated little informative support on the part of the medical personnel; therefore, one should call for supplementing training courses for doctors and nurses focusing on the issues of prophylaxis, including the method of breast self-examination.

Abstract

Aim

The aim of the study was to determine the factors influencing women's knowledge concerning breast cancer prophylaxis and find out the sources of the knowledge.

Background

In the Greater Poland region, breast cancer has been the most frequently detected tumour for years. The percentage of breast cancer cases has increased by 31% in the last decade.

Materials and methods

The study encompassed 337 women aged 40–59 who participated in the mammographic examinations. An original research tool was used which assessed the level of knowledge concerning breast cancer prophylaxis, the knowledge of health-oriented behaviour in this regard and the influence of the medical personnel on women's education.

Results

Age is a factor diversifying the knowledge of the breast self-examination method. Doctors and nurses were rarely indicated as a source of knowledge concerning breast cancer prophylaxis. The subjects presented a high level of knowledge of the factors increasing the risk of developing cancer.

Conclusions

A correlation between the level of education and the knowledge of one's own breast to a degree which enables a woman to detect even a slight change was observed. Vital findings also concern the sources of knowledge concerning breast cancer prophylaxis. The results of the studies indicated little informative support on the part of the medical personnel; therefore, one should call for supplementing training courses for doctors and nurses focusing on the issues of prophylaxis, including the method of breast self-examination.

Get Citation

Keywords

Breast cancer; Prophylaxis; Health-oriented behaviour

About this article
Title

What do women know about breast cancer prophylaxis and a healthy style of life?

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 20, No 5 (2015)

Pages

321-327

Published online

2015-09-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2015.06.001

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2015;20(5):321-327.

Keywords

Breast cancer
Prophylaxis
Health-oriented behaviour

Authors

Jolanta Sielska
Monika Matecka
Eliza Dąbrowska
Ewa Jakubek
Monika Urbaniak

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