open access

Vol 19, No 2 (2014)
Special Issue Papers
Published online: 2014-03-01
Submitted: 2013-05-06
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Technical and dosimetric aspects of the total skin electron beam technique implemented at Heidelberg University Hospital

Frank W. Hensley, Gerald Major, Carolin Edel, Henrik Hauswald, Marc Bischof
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2013.07.002
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2014;19(2):135-143.

open access

Vol 19, No 2 (2014)
Special Issue Papers
Published online: 2014-03-01
Submitted: 2013-05-06

Abstract

Aim

To give a technical description and present the dosimetric proporties of the total skin electron beam technique implemented at Heidelberg University Hospital.

Background

Techniques used for total skin electron beam irradiation were developed as early as in the 1960s to 1980s and have, since then, hardly changed. However, new measurements of the established methods allow deeper insight into the dose distributions and reasons for possible deviations from uniform dose.

Materials and methods

The TSEI technique applied at Heidelberg University Hospital since 1992 consists of irradiating the patient with a superposition of two beams of low energy electrons at gantry angles of 72° and 108° while he is rotating in a standing position on a turntable at 370[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm distance from the accelerator. The energy of the electron beam is degraded to 3.9[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]MeV by passing through an attenuator of 6[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm of Perspex. A recent re-measurement of the dose distribution is presented using modern dosimetry tools like a linear array of ionization chambers in combination with established methods like thermoluminescent detectors and film dosimetry.

Results

The measurements show a strong dependence of dose uniformity on details of the setup like gantry angles.

Conclusions

Dose uniformity of −4/+8% to the majority of the patient's skin can be achieved, however, for the described rotational technique overdoses up to more than 20% in small regions seem unavoidable.

Abstract

Aim

To give a technical description and present the dosimetric proporties of the total skin electron beam technique implemented at Heidelberg University Hospital.

Background

Techniques used for total skin electron beam irradiation were developed as early as in the 1960s to 1980s and have, since then, hardly changed. However, new measurements of the established methods allow deeper insight into the dose distributions and reasons for possible deviations from uniform dose.

Materials and methods

The TSEI technique applied at Heidelberg University Hospital since 1992 consists of irradiating the patient with a superposition of two beams of low energy electrons at gantry angles of 72° and 108° while he is rotating in a standing position on a turntable at 370[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]cm distance from the accelerator. The energy of the electron beam is degraded to 3.9[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]MeV by passing through an attenuator of 6[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mm of Perspex. A recent re-measurement of the dose distribution is presented using modern dosimetry tools like a linear array of ionization chambers in combination with established methods like thermoluminescent detectors and film dosimetry.

Results

The measurements show a strong dependence of dose uniformity on details of the setup like gantry angles.

Conclusions

Dose uniformity of −4/+8% to the majority of the patient's skin can be achieved, however, for the described rotational technique overdoses up to more than 20% in small regions seem unavoidable.

Get Citation

Keywords

Total skin therapy; Electrons; Dosimetry; X-ray contamination

About this article
Title

Technical and dosimetric aspects of the total skin electron beam technique implemented at Heidelberg University Hospital

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 19, No 2 (2014)

Pages

135-143

Published online

2014-03-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2013.07.002

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2014;19(2):135-143.

Keywords

Total skin therapy
Electrons
Dosimetry
X-ray contamination

Authors

Frank W. Hensley
Gerald Major
Carolin Edel
Henrik Hauswald
Marc Bischof

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