open access

Vol 19, No 1 (2014)
Reviews
Published online: 2014-01-01
Submitted: 2013-02-09
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Opportunities for rehabilitation of patients with radiation fibrosis syndrome

Katarzyna Hojan, Piotr Milecki
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2013.07.007
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2014;19(1):1-6.

open access

Vol 19, No 1 (2014)
Reviews
Published online: 2014-01-01
Submitted: 2013-02-09

Abstract

This review discusses the pathophysiology, evaluation, and treatment of neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, and functional disorders that can result as late effects of radiation treatment.

Although radiation therapy is often an effective method of killing cancer cells, it can also damage nearby blood vessels that nourish the skin, ligaments, tendons, muscles, nerves, bones and lungs. This can result in a progressive condition called radiation fibrosis syndrome (RFS). It is generally a late complication of radiotherapy which may manifest clinically years after treatment. Radiation-induced damage can include “myelo-radiculo-plexo-neuro-myopathy,” causing muscle weakness and dysfunction and contributing to neuromuscular injury.

RFS is a serious and lifelong disorder which, nevertheless, may often be decremented when identified and rehabilitated early enough. This medical treatment should be a complex procedure consisting of education, physical therapy, occupational therapy, orthotics as well as medications.

Abstract

This review discusses the pathophysiology, evaluation, and treatment of neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, and functional disorders that can result as late effects of radiation treatment.

Although radiation therapy is often an effective method of killing cancer cells, it can also damage nearby blood vessels that nourish the skin, ligaments, tendons, muscles, nerves, bones and lungs. This can result in a progressive condition called radiation fibrosis syndrome (RFS). It is generally a late complication of radiotherapy which may manifest clinically years after treatment. Radiation-induced damage can include “myelo-radiculo-plexo-neuro-myopathy,” causing muscle weakness and dysfunction and contributing to neuromuscular injury.

RFS is a serious and lifelong disorder which, nevertheless, may often be decremented when identified and rehabilitated early enough. This medical treatment should be a complex procedure consisting of education, physical therapy, occupational therapy, orthotics as well as medications.

Get Citation

Keywords

Radiotherapy; Side effects of therapy; Physical therapy; Oncology

About this article
Title

Opportunities for rehabilitation of patients with radiation fibrosis syndrome

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 19, No 1 (2014)

Pages

1-6

Published online

2014-01-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2013.07.007

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2014;19(1):1-6.

Keywords

Radiotherapy
Side effects of therapy
Physical therapy
Oncology

Authors

Katarzyna Hojan
Piotr Milecki

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