open access

Vol 18, No 5 (2013)
Reviews
Published online: 2013-09-01
Submitted: 2012-08-22
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3D conformal hypofractionated radical radiotherapy in early glottic cancer

Ana Cristina Amado, Laurentiu Bujor, Isabel Monteiro Grillo
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2013.04.034
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2013;18(5):261-264.

open access

Vol 18, No 5 (2013)
Reviews
Published online: 2013-09-01
Submitted: 2012-08-22

Abstract

Aim

The purpose of this study was to evaluate acute and late toxicity and the locoregional control in patients treated with hypofractionated radical radiotherapy 2.25[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy/fraction/day for early glottic carcinoma.

Materials and methods

A retrospective analysis was performed of 27 patients, stage T1–T2 N0 glottic squamous cell carcinoma, that underwent radical RT from April 2008 to October 2011. The mean age was 64.6 years (range 36–81). Seventeen patients were staged T1a, 3 patients T1b and 7 patients T2. All patients were 3D planned and treated in a 6[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]MV LINAC, 2.25[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy/fraction/5 days per week, to a total dose between 63[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy and 67.5[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy. Biological Effective Dose (BED (α/β[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]10)) ranged from 77.18[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy to 82.69[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy and EQD2 from 64.31[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy to 68.91[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy. Patients were evaluated in periodic follow-up. Toxicity was evaluated according to RTOG Toxicities Scales.

Results

With a median follow-time of 24.7 months (range 3.6–44.2 months), no evidence of locoregional recurrence was observed. The treatment was well tolerated and no unscheduled interruptions in treatments for toxicity were documented, with the median overall treatment time of 41 days (range 38–48). Only grades 1 and 2 acute toxicity were observed and no evidence of severe late toxicity.

Conclusion

The authors believe that this moderately hypofractionated scheme can provide a good locoregional control for T1–T2 glottic carcinomas with no increase of toxicity. As the limitation of this work is the reduced number of patients and the lack of long term follow-up, the authors hope to update this retrospective study in the future in order to improve the power of the results.

Abstract

Aim

The purpose of this study was to evaluate acute and late toxicity and the locoregional control in patients treated with hypofractionated radical radiotherapy 2.25[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy/fraction/day for early glottic carcinoma.

Materials and methods

A retrospective analysis was performed of 27 patients, stage T1–T2 N0 glottic squamous cell carcinoma, that underwent radical RT from April 2008 to October 2011. The mean age was 64.6 years (range 36–81). Seventeen patients were staged T1a, 3 patients T1b and 7 patients T2. All patients were 3D planned and treated in a 6[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]MV LINAC, 2.25[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy/fraction/5 days per week, to a total dose between 63[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy and 67.5[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy. Biological Effective Dose (BED (α/β[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]10)) ranged from 77.18[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy to 82.69[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy and EQD2 from 64.31[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy to 68.91[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy. Patients were evaluated in periodic follow-up. Toxicity was evaluated according to RTOG Toxicities Scales.

Results

With a median follow-time of 24.7 months (range 3.6–44.2 months), no evidence of locoregional recurrence was observed. The treatment was well tolerated and no unscheduled interruptions in treatments for toxicity were documented, with the median overall treatment time of 41 days (range 38–48). Only grades 1 and 2 acute toxicity were observed and no evidence of severe late toxicity.

Conclusion

The authors believe that this moderately hypofractionated scheme can provide a good locoregional control for T1–T2 glottic carcinomas with no increase of toxicity. As the limitation of this work is the reduced number of patients and the lack of long term follow-up, the authors hope to update this retrospective study in the future in order to improve the power of the results.

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Keywords

Hypofractionation; Larynx; Early glottic cancer; T1–T2

About this article
Title

3D conformal hypofractionated radical radiotherapy in early glottic cancer

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 18, No 5 (2013)

Pages

261-264

Published online

2013-09-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2013.04.034

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2013;18(5):261-264.

Keywords

Hypofractionation
Larynx
Early glottic cancer
T1–T2

Authors

Ana Cristina Amado
Laurentiu Bujor
Isabel Monteiro Grillo

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