open access

Vol 16, No 4 (2011)
Special Issue Papers
Published online: 2011-07-01
Submitted: 2011-03-29
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Decontamination of radioisotopes

Luis Domínguez-Gadea, Laura Cerezo
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2011.05.002
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2011;16(4):147-152.

open access

Vol 16, No 4 (2011)
Special Issue Papers
Published online: 2011-07-01
Submitted: 2011-03-29

Abstract

Contaminations with radioactive material may occur in several situations related to medicine, industry or research. Seriousness of the incident depends mainly on the radioactive element involved; usually there are no major acute health effects, but in the long term can cause malignancies, leukemia, genetic defects and teratogenic anomalies.

The most common is superficial contamination, but the radioactive material can get into the body and be retained by the cells of target organs, injuring directly and permanently sensitive elements of the body. Rapid intervention is very important to remove the radioactive material without spreading it. Work must be performed in a specially prepared area and personnel involved should wear special protective clothing. For external decontamination general cleaning techniques are used, usually do not require chemical techniques. For internal decontamination is necessary to use specific agents, according to the causative element, as well physiological interventions to enhance elimination and excretion.

Abstract

Contaminations with radioactive material may occur in several situations related to medicine, industry or research. Seriousness of the incident depends mainly on the radioactive element involved; usually there are no major acute health effects, but in the long term can cause malignancies, leukemia, genetic defects and teratogenic anomalies.

The most common is superficial contamination, but the radioactive material can get into the body and be retained by the cells of target organs, injuring directly and permanently sensitive elements of the body. Rapid intervention is very important to remove the radioactive material without spreading it. Work must be performed in a specially prepared area and personnel involved should wear special protective clothing. For external decontamination general cleaning techniques are used, usually do not require chemical techniques. For internal decontamination is necessary to use specific agents, according to the causative element, as well physiological interventions to enhance elimination and excretion.

Get Citation

Keywords

Radioisotopes; Decontamination; Radioactive material; Emergencies

About this article
Title

Decontamination of radioisotopes

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 16, No 4 (2011)

Pages

147-152

Published online

2011-07-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2011.05.002

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2011;16(4):147-152.

Keywords

Radioisotopes
Decontamination
Radioactive material
Emergencies

Authors

Luis Domínguez-Gadea
Laura Cerezo

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