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Vol 14, No 2 (2009)
Untitled
Published online: 2009-03-01
Submitted: 2009-02-03
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Ultrastructural assessment of adenoid cystic carcinoma with emphasis on tumour infiltration periphery

Anna Wegner
DOI: 10.1016/S1507-1367(10)60024-7
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2009;14(2):64-69.

open access

Vol 14, No 2 (2009)
Untitled
Published online: 2009-03-01
Submitted: 2009-02-03

Abstract

Background

There is a wide variety of morphological and clinical types of tumours of the salivary glands. Almost 30 histological types of these neoplasms are known. Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rarely occurring malignant epithelial neoplasm. It occurs in major salivary glands, but may also originate in the salivary glands of the respiratory tract.

Aim

The aim of the present study was the ultrastructural assessment of the infiltration periphery of different histological types of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the salivary glands.

Materials and Methods

Tissue samples from patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma of the salivary glands were studied. The study group consisted of 30 pts. 21 pts with tumour of parotid, 8 with submandibular and 1 with tumour of sublingual salivary glands. All patients were surgically treated and undergone supplementary treatment using radiotherapy in the Greater Poland Cancer Centre. Assessment of tissue samples was performed using morphological diagnoses and ultrastructural evaluation.

Results

Ultrastructural electron microscopy assessment of adenoid cystic carcinoma revealed differentiation of the tumour cells towards ductal salivary, myoepithelial and pluripotential cells. Epithelial cells showed an increased nucleus-cytoplasm ratio, and their nucleoli were characteristic for actively proliferating cells. The analysis showed histological and structural differences between the central and peripheral parts of the tumour.

Conclusions

The ultrastructural assessment of adenoid cystic carcinoma revealed that the cells in the peripheral parts of the tumour show a lower degree of maturation than the ones in its centre, peripheral stroma contains fewer collagen fibres, and dominant elements at the periphery of the tumour are proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans, no histoformative features typical of the principal (central) part of the tumour were found at its periphery.

Abstract

Background

There is a wide variety of morphological and clinical types of tumours of the salivary glands. Almost 30 histological types of these neoplasms are known. Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rarely occurring malignant epithelial neoplasm. It occurs in major salivary glands, but may also originate in the salivary glands of the respiratory tract.

Aim

The aim of the present study was the ultrastructural assessment of the infiltration periphery of different histological types of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the salivary glands.

Materials and Methods

Tissue samples from patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma of the salivary glands were studied. The study group consisted of 30 pts. 21 pts with tumour of parotid, 8 with submandibular and 1 with tumour of sublingual salivary glands. All patients were surgically treated and undergone supplementary treatment using radiotherapy in the Greater Poland Cancer Centre. Assessment of tissue samples was performed using morphological diagnoses and ultrastructural evaluation.

Results

Ultrastructural electron microscopy assessment of adenoid cystic carcinoma revealed differentiation of the tumour cells towards ductal salivary, myoepithelial and pluripotential cells. Epithelial cells showed an increased nucleus-cytoplasm ratio, and their nucleoli were characteristic for actively proliferating cells. The analysis showed histological and structural differences between the central and peripheral parts of the tumour.

Conclusions

The ultrastructural assessment of adenoid cystic carcinoma revealed that the cells in the peripheral parts of the tumour show a lower degree of maturation than the ones in its centre, peripheral stroma contains fewer collagen fibres, and dominant elements at the periphery of the tumour are proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans, no histoformative features typical of the principal (central) part of the tumour were found at its periphery.

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Keywords

adenoid cystic carcinoma; major salivary glands; ultrastructural studies

About this article
Title

Ultrastructural assessment of adenoid cystic carcinoma with emphasis on tumour infiltration periphery

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 14, No 2 (2009)

Pages

64-69

Published online

2009-03-01

DOI

10.1016/S1507-1367(10)60024-7

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2009;14(2):64-69.

Keywords

adenoid cystic carcinoma
major salivary glands
ultrastructural studies

Authors

Anna Wegner

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