open access

Vol 13, No 3 (2008)
Untitled
Published online: 2008-05-01
Submitted: 2008-01-09
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Quality of life assessment in patients with a stoma due to rectal cancer

Olga ZAJĄC, Arkadiusz SPYCHAŁA, Dawid MURAWA, Janusz WASIEWICZ, Paweł FOLTYN, Karol POŁOM
DOI: 10.1016/S1507-1367(10)60003-X
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2008;13(3):130-134.

open access

Vol 13, No 3 (2008)
Untitled
Published online: 2008-05-01
Submitted: 2008-01-09

Abstract

The Aim

The aim of the study was to assess the quality of life in patients with a stoma, created for various reasons in the course of rectal cancer treatment.

Material and Methods

The study included 50 patients in the early post-surgery follow-up period, visiting the Stoma Outpatient Clinic in the Great Poland Centre in Poznań. All patients underwent surgery due to rectal cancer. Quality of life was assessed using anonymous questionnaires. Participation in the study was voluntary, and patients were informed about the proceedings. Standardized EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire for quality of life assessment in cancer patients and QLQ-CR38 module for colorectal cancer patients were used.

Results

In all domains assessed, stoma patients showed significant impairment of functioning, which negatively influenced their quality of life. In our study group scores in all functional scales (physical – 70.6, role – 71.0, emotional – 61.8, cognitive – 75.6, social – 65) differed significantly from the reference values for the healthy population. QLQ-CR38 questionnaire was used to assess which symptoms were most disturbing for the patients. Negative influence of stoma on sexual functioning in men (mostly erectile and ejaculation dysfunctions) turned out to be the most significant (54.6). In women sexual dysfunctions were significantly less expressed (26.8). Another large group of symptoms having an unquestionable influence on level of functioning comprised direct stoma-related symptoms (47.8).

Conclusions

Creation of a stoma still has a large negative impact on patients' quality of life. Influence of the stoma is most pronounced in the area of social functioning. In spite of improvement in support, the problems pertaining directly to the fact of having a stoma bag remain significant for this group of patients.

Abstract

The Aim

The aim of the study was to assess the quality of life in patients with a stoma, created for various reasons in the course of rectal cancer treatment.

Material and Methods

The study included 50 patients in the early post-surgery follow-up period, visiting the Stoma Outpatient Clinic in the Great Poland Centre in Poznań. All patients underwent surgery due to rectal cancer. Quality of life was assessed using anonymous questionnaires. Participation in the study was voluntary, and patients were informed about the proceedings. Standardized EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire for quality of life assessment in cancer patients and QLQ-CR38 module for colorectal cancer patients were used.

Results

In all domains assessed, stoma patients showed significant impairment of functioning, which negatively influenced their quality of life. In our study group scores in all functional scales (physical – 70.6, role – 71.0, emotional – 61.8, cognitive – 75.6, social – 65) differed significantly from the reference values for the healthy population. QLQ-CR38 questionnaire was used to assess which symptoms were most disturbing for the patients. Negative influence of stoma on sexual functioning in men (mostly erectile and ejaculation dysfunctions) turned out to be the most significant (54.6). In women sexual dysfunctions were significantly less expressed (26.8). Another large group of symptoms having an unquestionable influence on level of functioning comprised direct stoma-related symptoms (47.8).

Conclusions

Creation of a stoma still has a large negative impact on patients' quality of life. Influence of the stoma is most pronounced in the area of social functioning. In spite of improvement in support, the problems pertaining directly to the fact of having a stoma bag remain significant for this group of patients.

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Keywords

quality of life; intestinal stoma; rectal cancer

About this article
Title

Quality of life assessment in patients with a stoma due to rectal cancer

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 13, No 3 (2008)

Pages

130-134

Published online

2008-05-01

DOI

10.1016/S1507-1367(10)60003-X

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2008;13(3):130-134.

Keywords

quality of life
intestinal stoma
rectal cancer

Authors

Olga ZAJĄC
Arkadiusz SPYCHAŁA
Dawid MURAWA
Janusz WASIEWICZ
Paweł FOLTYN
Karol POŁOM

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