open access

Vol 12, No 5 (2007)
Untitled
Published online: 2007-09-01
Submitted: 2007-06-12
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The influence of radiation technique on xerostomia in head and neck cancer patients – prospective study

Maria Goleń, Krzysztof Składowski, Andrzej Wygoda, Bolesław Pilecki, Wiesława Przeorek, Wojciech Sąsiadek, Tomasz Rutkowski, Andrea d'Amico, Zofia Kołosza
DOI: 10.1016/S1507-1367(10)60063-6
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2007;12(5):253-260.

open access

Vol 12, No 5 (2007)
Untitled
Published online: 2007-09-01
Submitted: 2007-06-12

Abstract

Background

Irradiation of salivary glands during the treatment of head and neck cancer may lead to an alteration in the amount of saliva produced. Because of this, patients can suffer dryness of the mouth with oral discomfort, taste disturbance and dental decay.

Aim

The aim of this study is to estimate late toxicity dependence on radiotherapy method. The main goal is to investigate the correlations between the radiation doses in salivary glands and their salivary excretion fractions (SEF) measured by dynamic scintigraphy.

Materials/Methods

In 40 patients with pharyngeal and laryngeal cancer irradiated by IMRT or conformal 3D to a total dose of 62.5–72.0Gy, parotid SEFs were measured. Parotid dose-volume histograms were obtained from 3D computer treatment planning. SEF measurements were performed before (baseline), and 6 weeks and 6 months after radiotherapy by 185MBq 99 Tc injected intravenously and next SEF rates were analysed in relation to radiation doses accumulated. The late radiation toxicity of salivary glands was tested according to the CTC v. 3.0 and SOMA-LENT scales. The non-parametric Mann Whitney test was used for the estimation of relationships.

Results

Pre- and post-treatment SEFs were measured in 31 patients treated by IMRT and in 9 patients treated by 3D CRT. Six weeks after radiotherapy SEF was generally lower by 34%, and 6 months after irradiation by 29.3% in IMRT technique. In 3D CRT relatively it was lower: after 6 weeks by average 52% and after 6 months by 35.5%. Late radiation toxicity of salivary glands was observed at a similar level according to CTC and SOMA-LENT scales in both methods of radiotherapy.

Conclusions

The level of SEF in parotid glands measured 6 weeks after radiotherapy clearly reflects the dose-response relationship of irradiated salivary tissue; 6 months later changes of SEF are the result of partial recovery of parotids.

The results of sparing salivary glands can be optimized in the future; that is, a further reduction of xerostomia can be achieved by using improved IMRT techniques and focusing on sparing major and minor salivary glands.

Abstract

Background

Irradiation of salivary glands during the treatment of head and neck cancer may lead to an alteration in the amount of saliva produced. Because of this, patients can suffer dryness of the mouth with oral discomfort, taste disturbance and dental decay.

Aim

The aim of this study is to estimate late toxicity dependence on radiotherapy method. The main goal is to investigate the correlations between the radiation doses in salivary glands and their salivary excretion fractions (SEF) measured by dynamic scintigraphy.

Materials/Methods

In 40 patients with pharyngeal and laryngeal cancer irradiated by IMRT or conformal 3D to a total dose of 62.5–72.0Gy, parotid SEFs were measured. Parotid dose-volume histograms were obtained from 3D computer treatment planning. SEF measurements were performed before (baseline), and 6 weeks and 6 months after radiotherapy by 185MBq 99 Tc injected intravenously and next SEF rates were analysed in relation to radiation doses accumulated. The late radiation toxicity of salivary glands was tested according to the CTC v. 3.0 and SOMA-LENT scales. The non-parametric Mann Whitney test was used for the estimation of relationships.

Results

Pre- and post-treatment SEFs were measured in 31 patients treated by IMRT and in 9 patients treated by 3D CRT. Six weeks after radiotherapy SEF was generally lower by 34%, and 6 months after irradiation by 29.3% in IMRT technique. In 3D CRT relatively it was lower: after 6 weeks by average 52% and after 6 months by 35.5%. Late radiation toxicity of salivary glands was observed at a similar level according to CTC and SOMA-LENT scales in both methods of radiotherapy.

Conclusions

The level of SEF in parotid glands measured 6 weeks after radiotherapy clearly reflects the dose-response relationship of irradiated salivary tissue; 6 months later changes of SEF are the result of partial recovery of parotids.

The results of sparing salivary glands can be optimized in the future; that is, a further reduction of xerostomia can be achieved by using improved IMRT techniques and focusing on sparing major and minor salivary glands.

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Keywords

head and neck cancer; xerostomia; parotids

About this article
Title

The influence of radiation technique on xerostomia in head and neck cancer patients – prospective study

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 12, No 5 (2007)

Pages

253-260

Published online

2007-09-01

DOI

10.1016/S1507-1367(10)60063-6

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2007;12(5):253-260.

Keywords

head and neck cancer
xerostomia
parotids

Authors

Maria Goleń
Krzysztof Składowski
Andrzej Wygoda
Bolesław Pilecki
Wiesława Przeorek
Wojciech Sąsiadek
Tomasz Rutkowski
Andrea d'Amico
Zofia Kołosza

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