open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2007)
Untitled
Published online: 2007-03-01
Submitted: 2006-11-13
Get Citation

Modifiable risk factors for the prevention of lung cancer

Beata Świątkowska
DOI: 10.1016/S1507-1367(10)60048-X
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2007;12(2):119-124.

open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2007)
Untitled
Published online: 2007-03-01
Submitted: 2006-11-13

Abstract

Background

Lung cancer is the most frequent malignant disease worldwide. In 2002, the number of new lung cancer cases was estimated at 1.3 million, which makes over 12.4% of all new cases of neoplasm registered all round the globe. It is also the leading cause of death from cancer.

Aim

The objective of this paper was to provide a review of some modifiable risk factors for lung cancer.

Materials/Methods

Data sources were MEDLINE from January 1950 to November 2006, title in the field. Search terms included: lung cancer, tobacco smoke, social class, diet, alcohol consumption and physical activity terms. Book chapters, monographs, relevant news reports, and Web material were also reviewed to find articles.

Results

The results of the literature review suggest that smoking is a major, unquestionable factor of lung cancer risk. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and social class could also play a role in the occurrence of the disease. Diet, alcohol consumption and physical activity level are other important but less extended determinants of lung cancer.

Conclusions

Effective prevention programmes against some of the lifestyle-related factors for lung cancer, especially against smoking, must be developed to minimize potential health risks and prevent the future cost of health.

Abstract

Background

Lung cancer is the most frequent malignant disease worldwide. In 2002, the number of new lung cancer cases was estimated at 1.3 million, which makes over 12.4% of all new cases of neoplasm registered all round the globe. It is also the leading cause of death from cancer.

Aim

The objective of this paper was to provide a review of some modifiable risk factors for lung cancer.

Materials/Methods

Data sources were MEDLINE from January 1950 to November 2006, title in the field. Search terms included: lung cancer, tobacco smoke, social class, diet, alcohol consumption and physical activity terms. Book chapters, monographs, relevant news reports, and Web material were also reviewed to find articles.

Results

The results of the literature review suggest that smoking is a major, unquestionable factor of lung cancer risk. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and social class could also play a role in the occurrence of the disease. Diet, alcohol consumption and physical activity level are other important but less extended determinants of lung cancer.

Conclusions

Effective prevention programmes against some of the lifestyle-related factors for lung cancer, especially against smoking, must be developed to minimize potential health risks and prevent the future cost of health.

Get Citation

Keywords

lung cancer; risk factors; prevention

About this article
Title

Modifiable risk factors for the prevention of lung cancer

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 12, No 2 (2007)

Pages

119-124

Published online

2007-03-01

DOI

10.1016/S1507-1367(10)60048-X

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2007;12(2):119-124.

Keywords

lung cancer
risk factors
prevention

Authors

Beata Świątkowska

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland
tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, fax:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: journals@viamedica.pl