Vol 10, No 1 (2024)
Review paper
Published online: 2024-03-21

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Everything you always wanted to know about systemic sclerosis but were afraid to ask: Part 7. Evaluation of the effectiveness of kinesitherapy conducted in a group of patients with systemic sclerosis based on a literature review

Bartosz Radosław Wnuk1, Wojciech Kroczek1, Edyta Kroczek1, Agnieszka Fajkierz2, Andrzej Setlak2, Klaudia Palka3, Barbara Buc-Piorun3
Rheumatology Forum 2024;10(1):9-16.

Abstract

Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. Physical training as a planned activity can delay the process of disease changes. The aim of the study is to assess the effectiveness of kinesitherapy conducted in a group of patients with systemic sclerosis based on a literature review.

Material and methods: The PubMed and Pedro databases were analyzed using the following keywords: "systemic sclerosis and physiotherapy or physical training" The university multi-search engine was also used, including the database of periodicals of the Medical University of Silesia in Katowice.

Results: Nine works out of 23 articles presenting the impact of various forms of training and physiotherapy methods in the treatment of people with systemic sclerosis were qualified for the analysis.

Conclusion: The conducted analysis of the literature on physical training in people with systemic sclerosis confirms the advisability of its use with the use of interval training and resistance training. These forms of training have a positive effect on the functions of the respiratory, circulatory and muscular systems. Physical training can be a valuable supplement to pharmacotherapy to support the treatment of this group of patients.

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