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Vol 19, No 4 (2022)
Research paper
Published online: 2023-01-18
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Depression among Nigerians during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: a cross-sectional web-based study

Isaac Iyinoluwa Olufadewa123, Miracle Adesina124, Blessing Oladokun1, Funmilayo Rebecca Abudu1, Yusuf Babatunde1, Tolulope Ibukun Olajire2, Temiwummi Akinmuleya1, Koton Ibiang1, Nnenne Eke1, Ebong Inimfon1, Fatih Ezichim1, Blessing Adewummi1, Samuel Damilola Ayelawa1
Psychiatria 2022;19(4):263-269.


Introduction: Despite the vulnerability of the general population to mental health problems during a pandemic, several studies have focused on the impact of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the mental well-being of other populations such as healthcare workers and the elderly. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence of depression amongst the general population in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic and its correlation with socio-demographic data.
Material and methods: A total of 1651 people within the age range of 18 years and above participated in this cross-sectional survey, and participants were recruited using a convenience sampling technique. An anonymous online questionnaire was used to collect the data on socio-demographics and the prevalence and pattern of depression among the participants. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25.
Results: More than 85% of the respondents showed patterns of depression ranging from minimal (35.8%) to severe (2.1%) symptoms. Respondents who were 18–27 years had the highest prevalence of depressive disorders (11.4%) amongst the respondents. Logistic regression analysis revealed the significant statistical difference in the prevalence of depressive symptoms amongst gender (OR = 0.60, 95% CI, 0.42–0.86) and the time spent on social media as participants who spent fewer hours (OR = 0.32; < 1 hour) were less likely to experience depressive symptoms than those who spent more (OR = 0.61; 4–6 hours).
Conclusions: Findings revealed a high prevalence of symptoms of depressive disorder amongst the general population. Therefore, there is a need to pay adequate attention to the mental health of the general population by providing psychological supports specific to target populations.

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