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Vol 20, No 3 (2023)
Research paper
Published online: 2023-10-20
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and internet addiction in Iranian university students

Mahsa Nikfarjam1, Fatemeh Bagheri1, Pegah Seif2, Morvarid Alishah3, Amir Keshavarzi34, Ali Kheradmand5
Psychiatria 2023;20(3):125-130.


Introduction: The Internet and video games are major challenges in the modern world. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between ADHD symptoms and video games and internet addiction. Material and methods: In 2018, 366 students from Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU) were selected via the Yang Internet Addiction Test (YIAT) and asked about the amount of time they spent playing video games before filling out Conner’s questionnaire to assess for ADHD symptoms. Then, the association between videogame/internet addiction and ADHD was evaluated. Results: The mean (standard deviation) age of study participants was 21.25 (2.14). Among total participants 34.7% were men and 65.3% were women. According to our results, the internet and video games addiction rates were more prominent among those who met the criteria for ADHD (relatively 94% and 87.5%). It was also recognized that 41.2% of the students were addicted to both the internet and video games. While 58.8% of people were addicted to the Internet but not to video games, 94.7% of people were just addicted to video games. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest a significant association between ADHD symptoms and video game/internet addiction. The higher rates of addiction observed among individuals with ADHD symptoms indicate a potential link between these phenomena. Further research is needed to explore the underlying mechanisms behind this association and to develop appropriate interventions for individuals at risk.

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