open access

Ahead of print
Research paper
Published online: 2021-02-21
Get Citation

The future of new technologies in psychological diagnosis and psychotherapy. Qualitative analysis based on Delphi method

Aleksandra Kubecka, Julia Książek, Rafał Styła
DOI: 10.5603/PSYCH.a2021.0004

open access

Ahead of print
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2021-02-21

Abstract

Introduction. At present telepsychology and telepsychiatry as a part of eHealth field dynamically develop new methods of help towards persons with psychological disorders using mobile applications, computer programmes, portable sensors, chatbots, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, augmented reality and social robots. The aim of this study was to explore the possible answers for the question how new technologies will be used in the future in psychological diagnosis and psychotherapy. Materials and method. Twelve experts - psychologists, psychotherapists, IT specialists and philosophers - participated in the qualitative study based on the Delphi method. The study was conducted using semi-structured interviews. The questions concerned the use of new technologies in psychological diagnosis and psychotherapy in the near future (until 2030) and the distant future (until 2070). Results. Over the decade, experts expect an increase in the popularity of online therapies, psychophysiological state monitoring methods and virtual reality. Experts' opinions are divided in the assessment of changes in the long term - they range between futuristic solutions (e.g. mind reading) and a return to traditional methods. Experts believe that the mental health professions will not be replaced by machines, and that the direct therapeutic relationship between client and therapist will remain irreplaceable. Conclusions. New technologies will be used more frequently in psychological diagnosis and psychotherapy. Clinical psychologists and psychotherapists should be aware of the possibilities and limitations of new technological solutions

Abstract

Introduction. At present telepsychology and telepsychiatry as a part of eHealth field dynamically develop new methods of help towards persons with psychological disorders using mobile applications, computer programmes, portable sensors, chatbots, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, augmented reality and social robots. The aim of this study was to explore the possible answers for the question how new technologies will be used in the future in psychological diagnosis and psychotherapy. Materials and method. Twelve experts - psychologists, psychotherapists, IT specialists and philosophers - participated in the qualitative study based on the Delphi method. The study was conducted using semi-structured interviews. The questions concerned the use of new technologies in psychological diagnosis and psychotherapy in the near future (until 2030) and the distant future (until 2070). Results. Over the decade, experts expect an increase in the popularity of online therapies, psychophysiological state monitoring methods and virtual reality. Experts' opinions are divided in the assessment of changes in the long term - they range between futuristic solutions (e.g. mind reading) and a return to traditional methods. Experts believe that the mental health professions will not be replaced by machines, and that the direct therapeutic relationship between client and therapist will remain irreplaceable. Conclusions. New technologies will be used more frequently in psychological diagnosis and psychotherapy. Clinical psychologists and psychotherapists should be aware of the possibilities and limitations of new technological solutions
Get Citation

Keywords

technology in psychology; mHealth; telepsychology; Delphi method

Supp./Additional Files (1)
Manuskrypt z podanymi wymaganymi danymi autorów i źródłem finansowania
Download
54KB
About this article
Title

The future of new technologies in psychological diagnosis and psychotherapy. Qualitative analysis based on Delphi method

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Ahead of print

Article type

Research paper

Published online

2021-02-21

DOI

10.5603/PSYCH.a2021.0004

Keywords

technology in psychology
mHealth
telepsychology
Delphi method

Authors

Aleksandra Kubecka
Julia Książek
Rafał Styła

References (25)
  1. Urząd Komunikacji Elektronicznej. Badanie opinii publicznej w zakresie funkcjonowania rynku usług telekomunikacyjnych oraz preferencji konsumentów. Raport z badania klientów indywidualnych. 2019. Warszawa, Gdańsk. https://uke.gov.pl/download/gfx/uke/pl/defaultaktualnosci/36/286.
  2. Fairburn CG, Patel V. The impact of digital technology on psychological treatments and their dissemination. Behav Res Ther. 2017; 88: 19–25.
  3. World Health Organization. eHealth at WHO. https://www.who.int/ehealth/about/en/ (21.06.2020).
  4. American Psychological Association. What are Telehealth and Telepsychology? 2014. https://www.apa.org/pi/disability/resources/publications/telepsychology?tab=1 (21.06.2020).
  5. Clough B, Casey L. The smart therapist: A look to the future of smartphones and mHealth technologies in psychotherapy. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 2015; 46(3): 147–153.
  6. Habitics. Daylio – Dziennik, Pamiętnik, Monitor Nastroju. Wersja 1.35.2. Dostęp: Google Play (1.12.2020).
  7. Headspace for Meditation, Mindfulness and Sleep. Headspace: Meditation & Sleep. Wersja 4.21.0. Dostęp: Google Play (1.12.2020).
  8. youper. The science behind youper. https://www.youper.ai/science (21.06.2020).
  9. Woebot health. Woebot: Your Self-Care Expert. Wersja 3.26.3. Dostęp: Google Play (1.12.2020).
  10. Touchkin. Wysa: stress, depression & anxiety therapy chatbot. Wersja 2.4.1. Dostęp: Google Play (1.12.2020).
  11. stem4. Calm Harm – manages self harm. Wersja 4.3.0. Dostęp: Google Play (1.12.2020).
  12. Riva G. Virtual reality: an experiential tool for clinical psychology. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling. 2009; 37(3): 337–345.
  13. Kurzyńska E. Program "Oblicza Medycyny": Gogle 3D pomogą w pokonaniu fobii społecznej. Puls medycyny. 2019 styczeń 07. https://pulsmedycyny.pl/wirtualna-rzeczywistosc-pomoze-w-pokonaniu-fobii-spolecznej-949771 (15.10.2020).
  14. Tobis S, Miret J, Piñeiro L. Robot społeczny - definicja i zastosowanie. Geriatria. 2018; 12(3): 247–250.
  15. Scoglio AAj, Reilly ED, Gorman JA, et al. Use of Social Robots in Mental Health and Well-Being Research: Systematic Review. J Med Internet Res. 2019; 21(7): e13322.
  16. Stefaniak I, Sorokosz K, Janicki A, et al. Use of an avatar in cognitive-behavioural therapy of a person who is chronically experiencing negative auditory hallucinations – case study. Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii. 2017; 26(4): 275–289.
  17. Polit K. Technika we współczesnych koncepcjach filozoficznych. Annales UMCS. Sectio I (Filozofia, Socjologia). 2014; 39(2): 113–119.
  18. Sztombka W. Hansa Jonasa etyka odpowiedzialności. Ethos. 1994; 7(1-2): 25–26.
  19. Keulartz J, Schermer M, Korthals M, et al. Ethics in technological culture: a programmatic proposal for a pragmatist approach. Sci Technol Human Values. 2004; 29(1): 3–29.
  20. Norcross J, Pfund R, Prochaska J. Psychotherapy in 2022: A Delphi poll on its future. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 2013; 44(5): 363–370.
  21. McKee MG. Biofeedback: an overview in the context of heart-brain medicine. Cleve Clin J Med. 2008; 75 Suppl 2: S31–S34.
  22. Shiffman S, Stone AA, Hufford MR. Ecological momentary assessment. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2008; 4: 1–32.
  23. Newman MG. Technology in psychotherapy: an introduction. J Clin Psychol. 2004; 60(2): 141–145.
  24. Babicki M, Kotowicz K, Piotrowski P, et al. Areas of stigma and discrimination of mentally ill people among Internet respondents in Poland. Psychiatria Polska. 2018; 52(1): 93–102.
  25. Imel ZE, Caperton DD, Tanana M, et al. Technology-enhanced human interaction in psychotherapy. J Couns Psychol. 2017; 64(4): 385–393.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Wydawcą serwisu jest Via Medica sp. z o.o. sp. komandytowa, ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl