open access

Vol 18, No 1 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-12-07
Get Citation

The effect of group logotherapy on the life expectancy of cancer patients in the north of Iran: a quasi-experimental study

Leila Mamashli, Hadiseh Okhli, Maryam Fattahi, Azam Hajibeglo, Karvan Bekmaz
DOI: 10.5603/PSYCH.a2020.0049
·
Psychiatria 2021;18(1):30-35.

open access

Vol 18, No 1 (2021)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2020-12-07

Abstract

Introduction: Cancer as a formidable diagnosis causes the loss of life expectancy in patients. This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of logotherapy on the life expectancy of cancer patients in the 5th Azar Hospital of Gorgan, Iran. Material and methods: This quasi-experimental study with two groups (intervention group and control group) was conducted on 40 cancer patients referred to Gorgan’s 5 Azar hospital in Golestan province in the north of Iran from 1 March 2019 to 1 December 2019. The samples were selected by simple random sampling method. The Snyder’s Hope Scale (AHS) was used for data collection. In the logotherapy group, eight 60–90 minute-long sessions were performed in 4 groups included 5 participants. The data were analyzed by SPSS-16 statistical software using descriptive statistics (mean table and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (paired t-test and ANOVA test). Results: The result of the paired t-test showed no significant difference before and after the intervention in the control group (p = 0.67), but this test showed a significant difference in the intervention group before and after the intervention (p = 0.01). The ANOVA test also showed a significant difference between the two groups (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Considering the effectiveness of logotherapy on increasing the life expectancy of cancer people, it is recommended that relevant authorities should try to use this low-cost method to address the problems related to the meaning of life and life expectancy in cancer patients, and change the attitude of patients towards life expectancy.

Abstract

Introduction: Cancer as a formidable diagnosis causes the loss of life expectancy in patients. This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of logotherapy on the life expectancy of cancer patients in the 5th Azar Hospital of Gorgan, Iran. Material and methods: This quasi-experimental study with two groups (intervention group and control group) was conducted on 40 cancer patients referred to Gorgan’s 5 Azar hospital in Golestan province in the north of Iran from 1 March 2019 to 1 December 2019. The samples were selected by simple random sampling method. The Snyder’s Hope Scale (AHS) was used for data collection. In the logotherapy group, eight 60–90 minute-long sessions were performed in 4 groups included 5 participants. The data were analyzed by SPSS-16 statistical software using descriptive statistics (mean table and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (paired t-test and ANOVA test). Results: The result of the paired t-test showed no significant difference before and after the intervention in the control group (p = 0.67), but this test showed a significant difference in the intervention group before and after the intervention (p = 0.01). The ANOVA test also showed a significant difference between the two groups (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Considering the effectiveness of logotherapy on increasing the life expectancy of cancer people, it is recommended that relevant authorities should try to use this low-cost method to address the problems related to the meaning of life and life expectancy in cancer patients, and change the attitude of patients towards life expectancy.

Get Citation

Keywords

group logotherapy, life expectancy, cancer

About this article
Title

The effect of group logotherapy on the life expectancy of cancer patients in the north of Iran: a quasi-experimental study

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 18, No 1 (2021)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

30-35

Published online

2020-12-07

DOI

10.5603/PSYCH.a2020.0049

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2021;18(1):30-35.

Keywords

group logotherapy
life expectancy
cancer

Authors

Leila Mamashli
Hadiseh Okhli
Maryam Fattahi
Azam Hajibeglo
Karvan Bekmaz

References (29)
  1. Wei Di, Liu XY, Chen YY, et al. Effectiveness of Physical, Psychological, Social, and Spiritual Intervention in Breast Cancer Survivors: An Integrative Review. Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs. 2016; 3(3): 226–232.
  2. Shahsavari H, Matory P, Zare Z, et al. Effect of self-care education on the quality of life in patients with breast cancer. J Educ Health Promot. 2015; 4: 70.
  3. Nia HS, Lehto RH, Ebadi A, et al. Death Anxiety among Nurses and Health Care Professionals: A Review Article. Int J Community Based Nurs Midwifery. 2016; 4(1): 2–10.
  4. Alizadeh S, Khanahmadi S, Vedadhir A, et al. The Relationship between Resilience with Self- Compassion, Social Support and Sense of Belonging in Women with Breast Cancer. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2018; 19(9): 2469–2474.
  5. Khattab M, Elkababri M, Cherkaoui S, Benmiloud S, ElHoudzi J, Hessissen L, et al. 46(th) Congress of The International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) 2014 Toronto, Canada, 22(nd) -25(th) October, 2014 SIOP Abstracts. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2014;61 Suppl 2:S105-S433 https://doi.org/10.1002/pbc.25314.
  6. Ebrahimi N, Bahari F, Zare-Bahramabadi M. The Effectiveness of Group Logo Therapy on the Hope among the Leukemic Patients. Iran J Cancer Prev. 2014; 7(1): 9–16.
  7. Bekmaz K, Hojjati H, Akhoundzadeh G. Relationship Between Mothers’ Concerns and Nursing Support of Children Admitted to Baqiyatallah Al-Azam Hospital of Ali Abad Katoul, Golestan Province, Iran, in 2018. Modern Care Journal. 2019; 16(4).
  8. Delavari H, Nasirian M, Baezegar Bafrooei K. Logo therapy effect on anxiety and depression in mothers of children with cancer. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol. 2014; 4(2): 42–48.
  9. Morgan J. Geriatric Logotherapy: Exploring the Psychotherapeutics of Memory in Treating the Elderly. Psychological Thought. 2012; 5(2).
  10. Mohabbat-Bahar S, Golzari M, Moradi-Joo M, et al. Efficacy of group logotherapy on decreasing anxiety in women with breast cancer. Iran J Cancer Prev. 2014; 7(3): 165–170.
  11. Mohabbat-Bahar S, Golzari M, Moradi-Joo M, et al. Efficacy of group logotherapy on decreasing anxiety in women with breast cancer. Iran J Cancer Prev. 2014; 7(3): 165–170.
  12. Breitbart W, Rosenfeld B, Pessin H, et al. Meaning-centered group psychotherapy: an effective intervention for improving psychological well-being in patients with advanced cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2015; 33(7): 749–754.
  13. Antoni MH. Psychosocial intervention effects on adaptation, disease course and biobehavioral processes in cancer. Brain Behav Immun. 2013; 30 Suppl: S88–S98.
  14. Girmenia E, Andrissi L, Tambone V. [On the clinical applications of logotherapy: a review of Victor Emil Frankl inheritance]. Clin Ter. 2014; 165(4): e330–e335.
  15. Snyder CR, Harris C, Anderson J, et al. The will and the ways: Development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1991; 60(4): 570–585.
  16. Kermani Z, Khodapanahi MK, Heydari M. Psychometric features of the Snyder Hope Scale. Applied Psychology. 2011;5:-.
  17. Grewal PK, Porter JE. Hope theory: a framework for understanding suicidal action. Death Stud. 2007; 31(2): 131–154.
  18. Alexander E, Onwuegbuzie A. Academic procrastination and the role of hope as a coping strategy. Personality and Individual Differences. 2007; 42(7): 1301–1310.
  19. Adhiya-Shah K. Book Review: The Will to Meaning: Foundations and Applications of Logotherapy. Front Psychol. 2017; 8.
  20. SusanFamil .Ahmarian F, Khudabakhshi Kolaei J, Philosophy of Njad MR. The effectiveness of meaningful therapy on life expectancy and sleep quality in the elderly living in boarding schools. Research in Religion and Health. 2015;3:12-8.
  21. Abolghasami S, Saeadi S, Morri Najafi N. The effect of guided imagery and logo therapy on depression, anxiety and hopefulness in women with cancer in ahwaz. Woman and culture. 2010;2:31-47. 2010.
  22. Mehangiz SK, Masoumeh S. The study of effective logo therapy training on reduction hopelessness in breast cancer Women’s in Tehran city. Iranian Quarterly Journal of Breast Diseases. 2010; 3: 40–8.
  23. Jaarsma TA, Pool G, Ranchor AV, et al. The concept and measurement of meaning in life in Dutch cancer patients. Psychooncology. 2007; 16(3): 241–248.
  24. Hajiazizi A, Bahmani B, Mahdi N, et al. Effectiveness of group logotherapy on death anxiety and life expectancy of the elderly living in boarding houses in Kerman. Salmand. 2017; 12(2): 220–231.
  25. Kang KA, Im JI, Kim HS, et al. The Effect of Logotherapy on the Suffering, Finding Meaning, and Spiritual Well-being of Adolescents with Terminal Cancer. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing. 2009; 15(2): 136.
  26. Owen DC. Nurses' perspectives on the meaning of hope in patients with cancer: a qualitative study. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1989; 16(1): 75–79.
  27. Herth KA. The relationship between level of hope and level of coping response and other variables in patients with cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1989; 16(1): 67–72.
  28. Mamashli L, Baziar N. Fard NGz, Leila Jouybari AS, RezapourEsfahani M. Evaluation of hopefulness in patients undergoing hemodialysis in Golestan University of Medical Sciences. nursing development in health. 2019; 9: 55–64.
  29. Hasannezhad Re, Mirzaian B, Hosseini SH. Effect of acceptance and commitment-based training on difficulty in emotion regulation and health in women with breast cancer: A clinical trial study. Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences. 2020; 21: 22–8.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Wydawcą serwisu jest Via Medica sp. z o.o. sp. komandytowa, ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl