Vol 17, No 4 (2020)
Review paper
Published online: 2020-09-08
Get Citation

Coffee: drug, stimulant substance and narcotic

Stanisław Surma, Monika Romańczyk, Joanna Fojcik, Marek Krzystanek
DOI: 10.5603/PSYCH.a2020.0031
·
Psychiatria 2020;17(4):237-246.

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Vol 17, No 4 (2020)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane
Published online: 2020-09-08

Abstract

Coffee beans has been used for centuries by man. The main ingredient of coffee responsible for the biological effects of its
action is caffeine. When used occasionally or in small quantities may have a beneficial effect on human health and functioning.
Certain beneficial effects of caffeine as a medicine have been proven, especially in neurodegenerative diseases. Caffeine as
a stimulant may improve many aspects of everyday human functioning. However, at higher doses, regularly taken, caffeine
causes tolerance and withdrawal symptoms. Because the use of caffeine is common in the population, it is possible that some
of the population is already addicted to it. The aim of the review is to show cross-sectionally the use of caffeine as a stimulant,
as a substance with potentially medical properties and a substance that may cause addiction, perhaps on a population scale.

Abstract

Coffee beans has been used for centuries by man. The main ingredient of coffee responsible for the biological effects of its
action is caffeine. When used occasionally or in small quantities may have a beneficial effect on human health and functioning.
Certain beneficial effects of caffeine as a medicine have been proven, especially in neurodegenerative diseases. Caffeine as
a stimulant may improve many aspects of everyday human functioning. However, at higher doses, regularly taken, caffeine
causes tolerance and withdrawal symptoms. Because the use of caffeine is common in the population, it is possible that some
of the population is already addicted to it. The aim of the review is to show cross-sectionally the use of caffeine as a stimulant,
as a substance with potentially medical properties and a substance that may cause addiction, perhaps on a population scale.

Get Citation

Keywords

coffee, caffeine, stymulant, tolerance

About this article
Title

Coffee: drug, stimulant substance and narcotic

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 17, No 4 (2020)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

237-246

Published online

2020-09-08

DOI

10.5603/PSYCH.a2020.0031

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2020;17(4):237-246.

Keywords

coffee
caffeine
stymulant
tolerance

Authors

Stanisław Surma
Monika Romańczyk
Joanna Fojcik
Marek Krzystanek

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