Vol 17, No 1 (2020)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-03-01
Get Citation

Negative and positive consequences of trauma exposure in foreign students studying at the University of Łodz

Nina Jolanta Ogińska-Bulik, Zumarat Nafullaeva
DOI: 10.5603/PSYCH.2020.0002
·
Psychiatria 2020;17(1):9-17.

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Vol 17, No 1 (2020)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2020-03-01

Abstract

Introduction: Many people, including students, are exposed to various types of traumatic events. The experience of such
events usually results in the occurrence of negative consequences, primarily symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
(PTSD). Exposure to trauma can also be the cause of the positive consequences revealed in the form of Posttraumatic
Growth (PTG). The aim of the study was to check whether there is a relationship between experiencing traumatic events
and the negative (PTSD) and positive (PTG) consequences of trauma in a group of foreign students, and to determine
whether PTSD and PTG are related.

Material and methods: The study involved 85 foreign students studying at the University of Lodz, originating in
Iraq, Syria, Ukraine and Kazakhstan, of which 80 admitted that they had experienced at least one traumatic event. The
subjects’ age ranged from 18–33 years (M = 23.2, SD = 3.64). Men constituted 57.5%, women 42.5%. The following
measurement tools were used in the study: The Life Events Checklist for DSM-5 (LEC-5), PTSD Checklist for DSM-5
(PCL-5) and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI).

Results: The most frequently experienced event by examined students turned out to be combat or exposure to warfare
(32.5%). Three-quarters of the surveyed students (75%) showed a high risk of PTSD. At the same time, over half of
the respondents were characterized by at least moderate intensity of posttraumatic growth. Positive correlations were
found between PTSD and PTG symptoms. Among the symptoms of PTSD, intrusion played a predictive role for PTG.

Conclusions: Interventions to reduce the risk of PTSD in young people who have been exposed to traumatic events
are required.

Abstract

Introduction: Many people, including students, are exposed to various types of traumatic events. The experience of such
events usually results in the occurrence of negative consequences, primarily symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
(PTSD). Exposure to trauma can also be the cause of the positive consequences revealed in the form of Posttraumatic
Growth (PTG). The aim of the study was to check whether there is a relationship between experiencing traumatic events
and the negative (PTSD) and positive (PTG) consequences of trauma in a group of foreign students, and to determine
whether PTSD and PTG are related.

Material and methods: The study involved 85 foreign students studying at the University of Lodz, originating in
Iraq, Syria, Ukraine and Kazakhstan, of which 80 admitted that they had experienced at least one traumatic event. The
subjects’ age ranged from 18–33 years (M = 23.2, SD = 3.64). Men constituted 57.5%, women 42.5%. The following
measurement tools were used in the study: The Life Events Checklist for DSM-5 (LEC-5), PTSD Checklist for DSM-5
(PCL-5) and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI).

Results: The most frequently experienced event by examined students turned out to be combat or exposure to warfare
(32.5%). Three-quarters of the surveyed students (75%) showed a high risk of PTSD. At the same time, over half of
the respondents were characterized by at least moderate intensity of posttraumatic growth. Positive correlations were
found between PTSD and PTG symptoms. Among the symptoms of PTSD, intrusion played a predictive role for PTG.

Conclusions: Interventions to reduce the risk of PTSD in young people who have been exposed to traumatic events
are required.

Get Citation

Keywords

traumatic events, posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth, foreign students

About this article
Title

Negative and positive consequences of trauma exposure in foreign students studying at the University of Łodz

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 17, No 1 (2020)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

9-17

Published online

2020-03-01

DOI

10.5603/PSYCH.2020.0002

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2020;17(1):9-17.

Keywords

traumatic events
posttraumatic stress disorder
posttraumatic growth
foreign students

Authors

Nina Jolanta Ogińska-Bulik
Zumarat Nafullaeva

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