Vol 16, No 4 (2019)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2019-09-17
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Negative and positive posttraumatic changes in women who have experienced domestic violence: the role of cognitive processing of trauma

Nina Jolanta Ogińska-Bulik
Psychiatria 2019;16(4):201-211.

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Vol 16, No 4 (2019)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2019-09-17

Abstract

Introduction: Among the negative and positive consequences resulting from the experience of a traumatic event,
cognitive trauma processing plays a special role. The study aimed to establish the relationship between cognitive
processing, revealed in a form of cognitive strategies of coping with trauma and negative and positive posttraumatic
changes in women who have experienced domestic violence. The indicators of the negative changes were symptoms
of posttraumatic stress disorder — PTSD, and positive — posttraumatic growth — PTG.

Material and methods: The data of 63 women who have experienced domestic violence were analyzed. The age of
the respondents ranged from 19 to 71 years (M = 42.25, SD =14.81). The following Polish versions of standardized
tools were used: The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist — PCL-5, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and the
Cognitive Processing of Trauma Scale. Survey developed for the use of the research was also included.

Results: Negative strategies have been positively associated with PTSD and negatively with PTG, and positive – negatively
with PTSD and positively with PTG. A special role is played by the strategy of resolution /acceptance, which turned
out to be the main predictor of both negative — reducing the severity of PTSD, as well as positive changes — favoring
the occurrence of PTG.

Conclusions: More frequent positive and less frequent negative strategies of dealing with trauma by people who have
experienced traumatic events favors the process of adaptation and human development.

Abstract

Introduction: Among the negative and positive consequences resulting from the experience of a traumatic event,
cognitive trauma processing plays a special role. The study aimed to establish the relationship between cognitive
processing, revealed in a form of cognitive strategies of coping with trauma and negative and positive posttraumatic
changes in women who have experienced domestic violence. The indicators of the negative changes were symptoms
of posttraumatic stress disorder — PTSD, and positive — posttraumatic growth — PTG.

Material and methods: The data of 63 women who have experienced domestic violence were analyzed. The age of
the respondents ranged from 19 to 71 years (M = 42.25, SD =14.81). The following Polish versions of standardized
tools were used: The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist — PCL-5, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and the
Cognitive Processing of Trauma Scale. Survey developed for the use of the research was also included.

Results: Negative strategies have been positively associated with PTSD and negatively with PTG, and positive – negatively
with PTSD and positively with PTG. A special role is played by the strategy of resolution /acceptance, which turned
out to be the main predictor of both negative — reducing the severity of PTSD, as well as positive changes — favoring
the occurrence of PTG.

Conclusions: More frequent positive and less frequent negative strategies of dealing with trauma by people who have
experienced traumatic events favors the process of adaptation and human development.

Get Citation

Keywords

posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth, cognitive processing of trauma, women, domestic violence

About this article
Title

Negative and positive posttraumatic changes in women who have experienced domestic violence: the role of cognitive processing of trauma

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 16, No 4 (2019)

Pages

201-211

Published online

2019-09-17

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2019;16(4):201-211.

Keywords

posttraumatic stress disorder
posttraumatic growth
cognitive processing of trauma
women
domestic violence

Authors

Nina Jolanta Ogińska-Bulik

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