open access

Vol 14, No 4 (2017)
Research paper
Published online: 2017-11-30
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Diagnostic accuracy of the Verbal Suicide Scale (VSS) in the group of psychiatrically hospitalised patients

Tytus J. Koweszko, Jacek Gierus, Maksym Kosiński, Anna Mosiołek, Agata Szulc
Psychiatria 2017;14(4):242-248.

open access

Vol 14, No 4 (2017)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2017-11-30

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to present the validation process of the Verbal Suicide Scale (VSS). The method was developed to assess the psychiatric patients’ attitudes towards suicide. The researchers decided to determine the diagnostic capabilities of the tool in the process of anticipating suicidal behaviour. Material and methods: The study covered 157 psychiatrically hospitalised patients, who were examined with the VSS, C-SSRS, NGASR scales, SOC-29 questionnaire, and descriptive questionnaire. The relations between the VSS results with the number of suicide attempts, psychiatric diagnosis, and age were subject to analysis in terms of psychometric properties in three groups of psychiatrically hospitalised patients divided by the circumstances in which they were admitted to the hospital. Results: The results of the VSS subscales reveal the Spearman’s rho (p < 0.05) with SOC-29 scales, C-SSRS risk factors and protective factors, NGASR scale, as well as demographic and general variables. There are also intergroup differences proved with the Mann-Whitney U test depending on the presence of risk factors. Certain attitudes towards suicide are related to the occurrence of individual risk factors. Conclusions: The obtained results suggest that suicide is an action independent of the conscious attitude itself. The VSS results refer to the greatest extent to patients abusing/addicted to psychoactive substances. Further studies in the group of subjects are required.

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to present the validation process of the Verbal Suicide Scale (VSS). The method was developed to assess the psychiatric patients’ attitudes towards suicide. The researchers decided to determine the diagnostic capabilities of the tool in the process of anticipating suicidal behaviour. Material and methods: The study covered 157 psychiatrically hospitalised patients, who were examined with the VSS, C-SSRS, NGASR scales, SOC-29 questionnaire, and descriptive questionnaire. The relations between the VSS results with the number of suicide attempts, psychiatric diagnosis, and age were subject to analysis in terms of psychometric properties in three groups of psychiatrically hospitalised patients divided by the circumstances in which they were admitted to the hospital. Results: The results of the VSS subscales reveal the Spearman’s rho (p < 0.05) with SOC-29 scales, C-SSRS risk factors and protective factors, NGASR scale, as well as demographic and general variables. There are also intergroup differences proved with the Mann-Whitney U test depending on the presence of risk factors. Certain attitudes towards suicide are related to the occurrence of individual risk factors. Conclusions: The obtained results suggest that suicide is an action independent of the conscious attitude itself. The VSS results refer to the greatest extent to patients abusing/addicted to psychoactive substances. Further studies in the group of subjects are required.
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Keywords

psychiatry, suicide, diagnosis, suicide prevention, psychometrics

About this article
Title

Diagnostic accuracy of the Verbal Suicide Scale (VSS) in the group of psychiatrically hospitalised patients

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 14, No 4 (2017)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

242-248

Published online

2017-11-30

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2017;14(4):242-248.

Keywords

psychiatry
suicide
diagnosis
suicide prevention
psychometrics

Authors

Tytus J. Koweszko
Jacek Gierus
Maksym Kosiński
Anna Mosiołek
Agata Szulc

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