open access

Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Research paper
Published online: 2017-03-01
Get Citation

Posttraumatic growth among people with oncological disease — the role of personality and rumination

Nina Jolanta Ogińska-Bulik
Psychiatria 2017;14(1):53-60.

open access

Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2017-03-01

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Among determinants of positive posttraumatic changes the essential role play personality and cognitive activity, including event related ruminating. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between personality, ruminations and posttraumatic growth among the people, who have experienced cancer.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Results of 60 persons, aged 18–78 years (M = 50.4 SD = 17.74), who have had cancer in craniofacial were analysed. The majority of respondents (68.3%) were women. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, the NEO Five Factor Inventory and the Event Related Rumination Inventory were used in the study.

RESULTS: The results indicated the presence of posttraumatic positive changes in examined group. Conscientiousness is associated with the growth after trauma positively and neuroticism — negatively. Both types of ruminations, ie. intrusive and deliberate significantly correlated with posttraumatic growth. A special role in the occurrence of the positive changes should be attributed to deliberate ruminations, which proved to be predictors of overall outcome of posttraumatic growth, as well as positive changes in self-perception, relations with others and appreciating of life.

CONCLUSIONS: Ruminating of experienced event plays more important role in the occurrence of posttraumatic positive changes than personality.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Among determinants of positive posttraumatic changes the essential role play personality and cognitive activity, including event related ruminating. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between personality, ruminations and posttraumatic growth among the people, who have experienced cancer.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Results of 60 persons, aged 18–78 years (M = 50.4 SD = 17.74), who have had cancer in craniofacial were analysed. The majority of respondents (68.3%) were women. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, the NEO Five Factor Inventory and the Event Related Rumination Inventory were used in the study.

RESULTS: The results indicated the presence of posttraumatic positive changes in examined group. Conscientiousness is associated with the growth after trauma positively and neuroticism — negatively. Both types of ruminations, ie. intrusive and deliberate significantly correlated with posttraumatic growth. A special role in the occurrence of the positive changes should be attributed to deliberate ruminations, which proved to be predictors of overall outcome of posttraumatic growth, as well as positive changes in self-perception, relations with others and appreciating of life.

CONCLUSIONS: Ruminating of experienced event plays more important role in the occurrence of posttraumatic positive changes than personality.

Get Citation

Keywords

posttraumatic growth, personality, ruminations, cancer

About this article
Title

Posttraumatic growth among people with oncological disease — the role of personality and rumination

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 14, No 1 (2017)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

53-60

Published online

2017-03-01

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2017;14(1):53-60.

Keywords

posttraumatic growth
personality
ruminations
cancer

Authors

Nina Jolanta Ogińska-Bulik

References (36)
  1. Cordova MJ, Studts JL, Hann DM, et al. Symptom structure of PTSD following breast cancer. J Trauma Stress. 2000; 13(2): 301–319.
  2. Shelby R, Golden-Kreutz D, Andersen B. PTSD diagnoses, subsyndromal symptoms, and comorbidities contribute to impairments for breast cancer survivors. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 2008; 21(2): 165–172.
  3. Widera A, Juczyński Z, Popiela T. Psychologiczne wyznaczniki stresu pourazowego u pacjentów onkologicznych po okaleczających zabiegach chirurgicznych. Psychoonkologia. 2003; 7(2): 31–36.
  4. Tedeschi RG, Calhoun LG. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory: measuring the positive legacy of trauma. J Trauma Stress. 1996; 9(3): 455–471.
  5. Tedeschi RG, Calhoun LG. Posttraumatic growth: Conceptual foundations and empirical evidence. Psychol Inq 2004; 15: 1–8.
  6. Ogińska-Bulik N. Pozytywne skutki doświadczeń traumatycznych, czyli kiedy łzy zamieniają się w perły. Wyd. Difin, Warszawa, 2013.
  7. Ogińska-Bulik N. Dwa oblicza traumy — negatywne i pozytywne skutki zdarzeń traumatycznych u pracowników służb ratowniczych. Wyd. Difin, Warszawa 2015.
  8. Mystakidou K, Tsilika E, Parpa E, et al. Post-traumatic growth in advanced cancer patients receiving palliative care. Br J Health Psychol. 2008; 13(Pt 4): 633–646.
  9. Bellizzi KM, Blank TO. Predicting posttraumatic growth in breast cancer survivors. Health Psychol. 2006; 25(1): 47–56.
  10. Carboon I, Anderson V, Pollard A, et al. Posttraumatic Growth Following a Cancer Diagnosis: Do World Assumptions Contribute? Traumatology. 2005; 11(4): 269–283.
  11. Ogińska-Bulik N. Potraumatyczny rozwój w chorobie nowotworowej — rola prężności. Pol Forum Psych. 2010; 15(2): 125–139.
  12. Ogińska-Bulik N. Rola ruminacji w występowaniu pozytywnych zmian potraumatycznych u osób zmagających się z chorobami nowotworowymi. Psychoonkologia. 2016; 20(1): 1–8.
  13. Linley PA, Joseph S. Positive change following trauma and adversity: a review. J Trauma Stress. 2004; 17(1): 11–21.
  14. Tashiro Ty, Frazier P. Personal Relationships. 2003; 10(1): 113–128.
  15. Karanci AN, Işıklı S, Aker AT, et al. Personality, posttraumatic stress and trauma type: factors contributing to posttraumatic growth and its domains in a Turkish community sample. Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2012; 3.
  16. Shakespeare-Finch J, Gow K, Smith S. Personality, Coping and Posttraumatic Growth in Emergency Ambulance Personnel. Traumatology. 2005; 11(4): 325–334.
  17. Calhoun LG, Tedeschi RG. The foundations of posttraumatic growth: An expanded framework. In: Calhoun LG,  Tedeschi RG (ed.). Handbook of posttraumatic growth. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, New Jersey 2006: 1–23.
  18. Calhoun LG, Cann A, Tedeschi RG. The posttraumatic growth model: Sociocultural considerations. In: Weiss T, Berger R (red.). Posttraumatic growth and culturally competent practice: Lessons learned from around the globe. John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey 2010: 1–14.
  19. Nolen-Hoeksema S. The role of rumination in depressive disorders and mixed anxiety/depressive symptoms. J Abnorm Psychol. 2000; 109(3): 504–511.
  20. Calhoun LG, Tedeschi RG. Posttraumatic growth: Future directions. In:  Tedeschi RG,  Park CL, Calhoun LG (ed.). Posttraumatic growth: Positive changes in the aftermath of crisis. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, New Jersey 1998: 215–238.
  21. Cann A, Calhoun LG, Tedeschi RG, et al. Assessing posttraumatic cognitive processes: the Event Related Rumination Inventory. Anxiety Stress Coping. 2011; 24(2): 137–156.
  22. Ehlers A, Clark D. A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2000; 38(4): 319–345.
  23. Ehring T, Ehlers A. Does rumination mediate the relationship between emotion regulation ability and posttraumatic stress disorder? Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2014; 5.
  24. Taku K, Calhoun LG, Cann A, et al. The role of rumination in the coexistence of distress and posttraumatic growth among bereaved Japanese university students. Death Stud. 2008; 32(5): 428–444.
  25. Chan MW, Ho SM, Tedeschi RG, Leung CW. The valence of attentional bias and cancer-related rumination in posttraumatic stress and posttraumatic growth among women with breast cancer. Psychooncology 2011; 20(5): 544–552. doi: 10.1002/pon.1761.
  26. Morris BA, Shakespeare-Finch J. Rumination, post-traumatic growth, and distress: structural equation modelling with cancer survivors. Psychooncology. 2011; 20(11): 1176–1183.
  27. Ogińska-Bulik N, Ciechomska M. Posttraumatic growth of parents struggling with cancer disease of their child – the role of rumination. Post Psychiatr Neurol. 2016; 25(2): 99–110.
  28. Carboon I, Anderson V, Pollard A, et al. Posttraumatic Growth Following a Cancer Diagnosis: Do World Assumptions Contribute? Traumatology. 2005; 11(4): 269–283.
  29. Salsman JM, Segerstrom SC, Brechting EH, et al. Posttraumatic growth and PTSD symptomatology among colorectal cancer survivors: a 3-month longitudinal examination of cognitive processing. Psychooncology. 2009; 18(1): 30–41.
  30. Park CL, Chmielewski J, Blank TO. Post-traumatic growth: finding positive meaning in cancer survivorship moderates the impact of intrusive thoughts on adjustment in younger adults. Psychooncology. 2010; 19(11): 1139–1147.
  31. Ogińska-Bulik N, Juczyński Z. Rozwój potraumatyczny — charakterystyka i pomiar. Psychiatria 2010; 7(4): 129–142.
  32. Zawadzki B, Strelau J, Szczepaniak P, et al. Inwentarz Osobowości NEO-FFI Costy i McCrae. Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych PTP Warszawa. ; 1998.
  33. Ogińska-Bulik N, Juczyński Z. Inwentarz Ruminacji o Negatywnym Zdarzeniu — polska adaptacja the Event Related Rumination Inventory. Przegląd Psychologiczny 2015; 58(3): 383–400.
  34. Ogińska-Bulik N. Potraumatyczny wzrost — zróżnicowanie ze względu na rodzaj doświadczonego zdarzenia oraz płeć i wiek badanych. Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Psychologica 2013; 17: 51–66.
  35. Vishnevsky T, Cann A, Calhoun L, et al. Gender Differences in Self-Reported Posttraumatic Growth: A Meta-Analysis. Psychology of Women Quarterly. 2010; 34(1): 110–120.
  36. Zawadzki B, Kaczmarek M, Strelau J. Reaktywność emocjonalna a nasilenie objawów zaburzenia stresowego pourazowego u ofiar powodzi: efekt patoplastyczności, spektrum, podatności czy kompilacji. In: Strelau J, Zawadzki B,  Kaczmarek M (ed.). Konsekwencje psychiczne traumy: uwarunkowania i terapia. Wyd. Naukowe Scholar, Warszawa 2009; 77–109.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Wydawcą serwisu jest Via Medica sp. z o.o. sp. komandytowa, ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl