open access

Vol 13, No 3 (2016)
Review paper
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Incorrect sensory integration as the constituent of mental disorders occurring both in the case of children and of young people and adult individuals alike

Celestyna Grzywniak
Psychiatria 2016;13(3):143-148.

open access

Vol 13, No 3 (2016)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to attract attention to the symptomsof incorrectsensory integrationwhich occur since the early years of life until late adulthood. As the time passes, the intensity of those symptoms changes, and they may also be transformed into different ones. Frequently, they occur as the constituentsof variousmental disorders. Most frequently, they are observed in the case of autism, Asperger’s syndrome, FAS, ADHD, behavioural and emotional disordersandanxiety disorders, and also in the case of schizophrenia, neuroses, and alsoschool refusal. In numerous instances, they cause learning difficulties in the case of children, and also result inconcentration deficit disorders. They assume the forms of hypersensitivity and hyposensitivity in the various sensory systems, and are accompanied by incorrect emotional reactions and kinesis. Hypersensitivity causes the excessive stimulation of the cerebral cortex, resulting in exercise intolerance, the incorrect modulation of information from the receptors of linear movement, tactile defensiveness and other symptoms. Insufficient reactivity, and that mean shy posensitivity, consists in the deteriorated recognition and reception of stimuli, which, in turn, results in seeking excitement and stimulating oneself. The dysfunctions of sensory integration make the psychopathological sign unclear, and render it difficult to conduct psychiatric treatment. The knowledge of the symptomatology of the dysfunctions being discussed is currently indispensable in the treatment of the mental disorders of children and of adult individuals. However, those symptoms have to be subjected to specific diagnosing proposed by J. Ayres and the disciples of hers, and afterwards subjected to a specialist therapy the intended result of which will be stimulating the sensory system sand integrating them. This therapy may be conducted simultaneously with psychiatric treatment, or the psychological one, and it will be helpful in eliminating persistent symptoms.

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to attract attention to the symptomsof incorrectsensory integrationwhich occur since the early years of life until late adulthood. As the time passes, the intensity of those symptoms changes, and they may also be transformed into different ones. Frequently, they occur as the constituentsof variousmental disorders. Most frequently, they are observed in the case of autism, Asperger’s syndrome, FAS, ADHD, behavioural and emotional disordersandanxiety disorders, and also in the case of schizophrenia, neuroses, and alsoschool refusal. In numerous instances, they cause learning difficulties in the case of children, and also result inconcentration deficit disorders. They assume the forms of hypersensitivity and hyposensitivity in the various sensory systems, and are accompanied by incorrect emotional reactions and kinesis. Hypersensitivity causes the excessive stimulation of the cerebral cortex, resulting in exercise intolerance, the incorrect modulation of information from the receptors of linear movement, tactile defensiveness and other symptoms. Insufficient reactivity, and that mean shy posensitivity, consists in the deteriorated recognition and reception of stimuli, which, in turn, results in seeking excitement and stimulating oneself. The dysfunctions of sensory integration make the psychopathological sign unclear, and render it difficult to conduct psychiatric treatment. The knowledge of the symptomatology of the dysfunctions being discussed is currently indispensable in the treatment of the mental disorders of children and of adult individuals. However, those symptoms have to be subjected to specific diagnosing proposed by J. Ayres and the disciples of hers, and afterwards subjected to a specialist therapy the intended result of which will be stimulating the sensory system sand integrating them. This therapy may be conducted simultaneously with psychiatric treatment, or the psychological one, and it will be helpful in eliminating persistent symptoms.

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Keywords

incorrect sensory integration in the case of children and adult individuals, incorrect sensory integration in mental disorders

About this article
Title

Incorrect sensory integration as the constituent of mental disorders occurring both in the case of children and of young people and adult individuals alike

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 13, No 3 (2016)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

143-148

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2016;13(3):143-148.

Keywords

incorrect sensory integration in the case of children and adult individuals
incorrect sensory integration in mental disorders

Authors

Celestyna Grzywniak

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