open access

Vol 13, No 3 (2016)
Research paper
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Negative and positive effects of experienced traumatic events among soldiers participating in military missions — the role of personal resources

Nina Ogińska-Bulik
Psychiatria 2016;13(3):123-132.

open access

Vol 13, No 3 (2016)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to determine the role of personal resources, such as optimism and sense of self-efficacy in the occurrence of the negative (post-traumatic stress symptoms) and positive (posttraumatic growth) effects of experienced trauma in a group of soldiers, participating in military missions. The study also had to check whether there is a link between the negative and positive consequences of experienced traumatic events.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The results of 80 soldiers who have experienced traumatic events in relating with their participation in military missions were analyzed. The range of age of the participants was 22−48 years (M = 33.86, SD = 6.18). Polish versions of the Impact of Event Scale — Revised and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory were used to assess the negative and positive effects of experienced event. Optimism was assessed by Life Orientation Test and sense of self-efficacy by Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale.

RESULTS: Sense of self-efficacy was appeared the resource negatively associated with severity of PTSD symptoms. Optimism and self-efficacy are not associated with posttraumatic growth.

CONCLUSIONS: Formation of sense of self-efficacy may protect against the development of the negative consequences of experienced trauma.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to determine the role of personal resources, such as optimism and sense of self-efficacy in the occurrence of the negative (post-traumatic stress symptoms) and positive (posttraumatic growth) effects of experienced trauma in a group of soldiers, participating in military missions. The study also had to check whether there is a link between the negative and positive consequences of experienced traumatic events.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The results of 80 soldiers who have experienced traumatic events in relating with their participation in military missions were analyzed. The range of age of the participants was 22−48 years (M = 33.86, SD = 6.18). Polish versions of the Impact of Event Scale — Revised and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory were used to assess the negative and positive effects of experienced event. Optimism was assessed by Life Orientation Test and sense of self-efficacy by Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale.

RESULTS: Sense of self-efficacy was appeared the resource negatively associated with severity of PTSD symptoms. Optimism and self-efficacy are not associated with posttraumatic growth.

CONCLUSIONS: Formation of sense of self-efficacy may protect against the development of the negative consequences of experienced trauma.

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Keywords

PTSD symptoms, posttraumatic growth, optimism, sense of self-efficacy, soldiers, military missions

About this article
Title

Negative and positive effects of experienced traumatic events among soldiers participating in military missions — the role of personal resources

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 13, No 3 (2016)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

123-132

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2016;13(3):123-132.

Keywords

PTSD symptoms
posttraumatic growth
optimism
sense of self-efficacy
soldiers
military missions

Authors

Nina Ogińska-Bulik

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