open access

Vol 13, No 1 (2016)
Research paper
Get Citation

Rumination and negative and positive effects of trauma in HIV-infected

Nina Jolanta Ogińska-Bulik
Psychiatria 2016;13(1):8-16.

open access

Vol 13, No 1 (2016)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of the study was to establish the relationship between rumination and the occurrence of the negative (posttraumatic stress symptoms) and positive (posttraumatic growth) effects of trauma resulting from infection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Material and methods: Results of 64 people who indicated that diagnosis of HIV was the traumatic event for them were analysed. The age of participants ranged from 20 to 58 years (M = 38,2, SD = 9,16). Polish versions of The Impact of Event Scale-R, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and the Event Related Rumination Inventory, which measures two types of rumination: intrusive and deliberate, were used in the study.

Results: Both types of rumination proved to be significantly associated with symptoms of PTSD. However they were not associated with intensity of growth following trauma. It has been reported only positive relationships between deliberate rumination and one of the growth factors, ie. the changes in self perception.

Conclusions: Rumination plays an important role in the occurrence of mainly negative consequences of experienced trauma associated with HIV infection.

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of the study was to establish the relationship between rumination and the occurrence of the negative (posttraumatic stress symptoms) and positive (posttraumatic growth) effects of trauma resulting from infection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Material and methods: Results of 64 people who indicated that diagnosis of HIV was the traumatic event for them were analysed. The age of participants ranged from 20 to 58 years (M = 38,2, SD = 9,16). Polish versions of The Impact of Event Scale-R, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and the Event Related Rumination Inventory, which measures two types of rumination: intrusive and deliberate, were used in the study.

Results: Both types of rumination proved to be significantly associated with symptoms of PTSD. However they were not associated with intensity of growth following trauma. It has been reported only positive relationships between deliberate rumination and one of the growth factors, ie. the changes in self perception.

Conclusions: Rumination plays an important role in the occurrence of mainly negative consequences of experienced trauma associated with HIV infection.

Get Citation

Keywords

posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth, rumination, immunodeficiency virus, HIV

About this article
Title

Rumination and negative and positive effects of trauma in HIV-infected

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 13, No 1 (2016)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

8-16

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2016;13(1):8-16.

Keywords

posttraumatic stress disorder
posttraumatic growth
rumination
immunodeficiency virus
HIV

Authors

Nina Jolanta Ogińska-Bulik

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Wydawcą serwisu jest Via Medica sp. z o.o. sp. komandytowa, ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl