open access

Vol 11, No 4 (2014)
Research paper
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The predictors of social functioning in schizophrenia

Agnieszka Skorupska-Król, Iwona Oskędra
Psychiatria 2014;11(4):228-232.

open access

Vol 11, No 4 (2014)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia manifests itself, inter alia, in the development and consolidation of a deficit in social functioning. The level of social functioning of schizophrenic patients determines whether there is an alternative to hospitalization. The aim of the study was to show the most important predictors of social functioning. The following variables were taken into account: socio-demographic factors, clinical condition and the course of illness, the quality of life and attitude towards schizophrenia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 71 people with schizophrenia participated in the study. All of them were patients of the J. Babinski Specialist Hospital in Cracow. The study was quite extensive and included the assessment of social functioning and the level of illness acceptance as well as subjective perception of life quality. In order to achieve the objective of the study, multiple regression model was formulated and statistically significant predictors of social functioning were defined.

RESULTS: Full regression model included variables that had been associated with social functioning at earlier stages of the analysis, i.e. the severity of positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, the emotional component of the attitude towards illness, mental health self assessment, stay in a rehabilitation ward or an outpatient ward, the patient’s age. The final version of the model included only the variables that were statistically significant, i.e. negative symptoms of psychosis, a stay in a rehabilitation ward and the age of the patient.

CONCLUSION: Good social functioning in schizophrenia is determined by the less severe negative symptoms, participation in a psychiatric rehabilitation programme and younger age of patients.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia manifests itself, inter alia, in the development and consolidation of a deficit in social functioning. The level of social functioning of schizophrenic patients determines whether there is an alternative to hospitalization. The aim of the study was to show the most important predictors of social functioning. The following variables were taken into account: socio-demographic factors, clinical condition and the course of illness, the quality of life and attitude towards schizophrenia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 71 people with schizophrenia participated in the study. All of them were patients of the J. Babinski Specialist Hospital in Cracow. The study was quite extensive and included the assessment of social functioning and the level of illness acceptance as well as subjective perception of life quality. In order to achieve the objective of the study, multiple regression model was formulated and statistically significant predictors of social functioning were defined.

RESULTS: Full regression model included variables that had been associated with social functioning at earlier stages of the analysis, i.e. the severity of positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, the emotional component of the attitude towards illness, mental health self assessment, stay in a rehabilitation ward or an outpatient ward, the patient’s age. The final version of the model included only the variables that were statistically significant, i.e. negative symptoms of psychosis, a stay in a rehabilitation ward and the age of the patient.

CONCLUSION: Good social functioning in schizophrenia is determined by the less severe negative symptoms, participation in a psychiatric rehabilitation programme and younger age of patients.

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Keywords

social functioning, schizophrenia, negative symptoms

About this article
Title

The predictors of social functioning in schizophrenia

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 11, No 4 (2014)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

228-232

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2014;11(4):228-232.

Keywords

social functioning
schizophrenia
negative symptoms

Authors

Agnieszka Skorupska-Król
Iwona Oskędra

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