open access

Vol 11, No 4 (2014)
Review paper
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Profound mental disability and emotional, social and motor development

Aleksandra Jankiewicz, Damian Skrypnik, Katarzyna Skrypnik
Psychiatria 2014;11(4):222-227.

open access

Vol 11, No 4 (2014)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane

Abstract

The definition of a profound mental disability was given by ICD-10 (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems) and DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- classification of mental disorders of the American Psychiatric Association). ICD-10 states that profound mental disability is characterized by maximum intelligence quotient 20 (adults mentally not exceeding three years of age). It manifests by serious limitations in the area of self-care, communication and mobility. DSM-IV states that profound mental disability concerns 1−2% of people with mental disability. IQ (intelligence quotient) fluctuates below 20−25. Serious neurological damage is the main reason of this condition. From early childhood people with profound mental disability demonstrate significant impairment of sensomotor functioning. Motor skills, self-service and communication skills are greatly reduced. Neurodevelopment condition of the patient with profound mental disability differs significantly from the correct formation of nervous system. However- some patients may function in supervised and protected environment.

Abstract

The definition of a profound mental disability was given by ICD-10 (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems) and DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- classification of mental disorders of the American Psychiatric Association). ICD-10 states that profound mental disability is characterized by maximum intelligence quotient 20 (adults mentally not exceeding three years of age). It manifests by serious limitations in the area of self-care, communication and mobility. DSM-IV states that profound mental disability concerns 1−2% of people with mental disability. IQ (intelligence quotient) fluctuates below 20−25. Serious neurological damage is the main reason of this condition. From early childhood people with profound mental disability demonstrate significant impairment of sensomotor functioning. Motor skills, self-service and communication skills are greatly reduced. Neurodevelopment condition of the patient with profound mental disability differs significantly from the correct formation of nervous system. However- some patients may function in supervised and protected environment.

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Keywords

mental disability, emotional development, social development, motor development

About this article
Title

Profound mental disability and emotional, social and motor development

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 11, No 4 (2014)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

222-227

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2014;11(4):222-227.

Keywords

mental disability
emotional development
social development
motor development

Authors

Aleksandra Jankiewicz
Damian Skrypnik
Katarzyna Skrypnik

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