open access

Vol 11, No 2 (2014)
Research paper
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Posttraumatic growth in people who have experienced myocardial infarction — the role of type D personality

Nina Ogińska-Bulik
Psychiatria 2014;11(2):107-113.

open access

Vol 11, No 2 (2014)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Experience of myocardial infarction, except many negative effects, also entails occurrence of positive changes in the form of posttraumatic growth. Type D, also called distressed personality-expressed as a combination of negative affectivity and social inhibition — may inhibit the occurrence of these changes. The study was undertaken to determine the role of type D personality in appearance of positive posttraumatic changes in patients after myocardial infarction.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Results of 86 persons, aged 36–87 years (M = 60.5, SD = 10.05) who experienced myocardial infarction were analysed. Most of them (72.1%) were men. Half of the respondents participated in cardiac rehabilitation. DS-14 Scale to assess type of personality and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory to measure positive posttraumatic changes were used in the study.

RESULTS: More than ¼ of respondents who experienced a traumatic situation associated with myocardial infarction shows a high level of positive changes. Type D is poorly associated with the level of posttraumatic growth.

CONCLUSIONS: Among two dimensions of type D personality negative affectivity plays significant positive role in the occurrence of positive posttraumatic changes, especially in spiritual sphere. Participation in cardiac rehabilitation also promotes the process of posttraumatic growth.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Experience of myocardial infarction, except many negative effects, also entails occurrence of positive changes in the form of posttraumatic growth. Type D, also called distressed personality-expressed as a combination of negative affectivity and social inhibition — may inhibit the occurrence of these changes. The study was undertaken to determine the role of type D personality in appearance of positive posttraumatic changes in patients after myocardial infarction.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Results of 86 persons, aged 36–87 years (M = 60.5, SD = 10.05) who experienced myocardial infarction were analysed. Most of them (72.1%) were men. Half of the respondents participated in cardiac rehabilitation. DS-14 Scale to assess type of personality and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory to measure positive posttraumatic changes were used in the study.

RESULTS: More than ¼ of respondents who experienced a traumatic situation associated with myocardial infarction shows a high level of positive changes. Type D is poorly associated with the level of posttraumatic growth.

CONCLUSIONS: Among two dimensions of type D personality negative affectivity plays significant positive role in the occurrence of positive posttraumatic changes, especially in spiritual sphere. Participation in cardiac rehabilitation also promotes the process of posttraumatic growth.

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Keywords

posttraumatic growth, type D personality, myocardial infarction

About this article
Title

Posttraumatic growth in people who have experienced myocardial infarction — the role of type D personality

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 11, No 2 (2014)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

107-113

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2014;11(2):107-113.

Keywords

posttraumatic growth
type D personality
myocardial infarction

Authors

Nina Ogińska-Bulik

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