open access

Vol 11, No 2 (2014)
Review paper
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Psychic trauma and group identity: is the culture of forgiveness and reconciliation possible?

Ivan Urlić
Psychiatria 2014;11(2):92-98.

open access

Vol 11, No 2 (2014)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane

Abstract

In taking into consideration the culture of forgiveness and reconciliation processes, the essential idea was to describe them within the dynamics of deep narcissistic wounds, the sequence of confrontation with trauma and the mourning of losses, thereby allowing forgiveness and possibly even reconciliation to occur. In conclusion, I underline the mourning process as the most important precondition for the capacity to believe to reemerge, and the forgiving process to develop. That process should unfold in four stages: confrontation, mourning, forgiving, and then reconciliation, as well as a five step process that should unfold on both sides in a conflict. Besides individual psychotherapy, group modalities in dealing with severe stress situations are recommended as the approach of choice, enabling open talk about traumatic experiences and their consequences and thus opening the possibility for restoration of the capacity to believe, and for the mourning, forgiving and reconciliation processes to develop.

Abstract

In taking into consideration the culture of forgiveness and reconciliation processes, the essential idea was to describe them within the dynamics of deep narcissistic wounds, the sequence of confrontation with trauma and the mourning of losses, thereby allowing forgiveness and possibly even reconciliation to occur. In conclusion, I underline the mourning process as the most important precondition for the capacity to believe to reemerge, and the forgiving process to develop. That process should unfold in four stages: confrontation, mourning, forgiving, and then reconciliation, as well as a five step process that should unfold on both sides in a conflict. Besides individual psychotherapy, group modalities in dealing with severe stress situations are recommended as the approach of choice, enabling open talk about traumatic experiences and their consequences and thus opening the possibility for restoration of the capacity to believe, and for the mourning, forgiving and reconciliation processes to develop.

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Keywords

severe psychic trauma, culture of forgiveness, reconciliation, group psychotherapy

About this article
Title

Psychic trauma and group identity: is the culture of forgiveness and reconciliation possible?

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 11, No 2 (2014)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

92-98

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2014;11(2):92-98.

Keywords

severe psychic trauma
culture of forgiveness
reconciliation
group psychotherapy

Authors

Ivan Urlić

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