open access

Vol 1, No 2 (2004)
Review paper
Published online: 2004-06-16
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Traumatic situations and their influence on the psychological condition of human begin

Bogusław Borys
Psychiatria 2004;1(2):97-105.

open access

Vol 1, No 2 (2004)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane
Published online: 2004-06-16

Abstract

Both well known classifications of mental disorders — DSM-IV and ICD-10 define traumatic situations. An essential factor of any traumatic experience is an immidiate and real threat of ones life. Alternatively, it could be witnessing of a tragic death, especially of someone very close; or witnessing of other cruel events. There is a wide variety of traumatic situations. They differ in terms of the number of victims, duration of stress, the location of the event or the source of a tragic happening. All these elements may have an important influence on the quality and deepness of psychological reactions to trauma. The most typical disturbances are: Acute Stress Disorder (ASD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and "complex PTSD". There are also nonspecific disorders such as: different depression syndroms, anxiety, eating disorders, addiction to psychoactive substances and others. Although psychopathological disturbances are the most common effects of the experienced trauma, positive psychological changes are also being observed.

Abstract

Both well known classifications of mental disorders — DSM-IV and ICD-10 define traumatic situations. An essential factor of any traumatic experience is an immidiate and real threat of ones life. Alternatively, it could be witnessing of a tragic death, especially of someone very close; or witnessing of other cruel events. There is a wide variety of traumatic situations. They differ in terms of the number of victims, duration of stress, the location of the event or the source of a tragic happening. All these elements may have an important influence on the quality and deepness of psychological reactions to trauma. The most typical disturbances are: Acute Stress Disorder (ASD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and "complex PTSD". There are also nonspecific disorders such as: different depression syndroms, anxiety, eating disorders, addiction to psychoactive substances and others. Although psychopathological disturbances are the most common effects of the experienced trauma, positive psychological changes are also being observed.
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Keywords

traumatic situations; Acute Stress Disorders; Post Traumatic Stress Disorders; nonspecific reactions to trauma

About this article
Title

Traumatic situations and their influence on the psychological condition of human begin

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 1, No 2 (2004)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

97-105

Published online

2004-06-16

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2004;1(2):97-105.

Keywords

traumatic situations
Acute Stress Disorders
Post Traumatic Stress Disorders
nonspecific reactions to trauma

Authors

Bogusław Borys

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