open access

Vol 2, No 4 (2005)
Research paper
Published online: 2006-02-21
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Screening trial for frequency of depressive and anxiety symptoms among students of Medical University of Gdańsk

Katarzyna Marek, Piotr Białoń, Hubert Wichowicz, Hanna Melloch, Anna Nitka-Siemińska
Psychiatria 2005;2(4):217-224.

open access

Vol 2, No 4 (2005)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2006-02-21

Abstract

Background. The aim of this paper is to present frequency of depressive and anxiety symptoms among students of 1st and 4th year of Medical University of Gdańsk. We examined relation between those symptoms, family support and strain connected with studying. We also observed strategies students develop to cope with decreased mood. Finally we established students’ attitude towards mental health services.
Material and methods. We examined 206 students of Medical University in Gdańsk (106 in 1st year and 100 in 4th year) using HADS scale adapted by M. Majkowicz, K. De Walden-Galuszko, G. Chojnacka-Szawlowska and our own questionnaire.
Results. Average HADS results for anxiety were 7.7 (± 4.3) on 1st and 6.5 (± 4.0) on 4th year; the same value for depression were responsively 3.9 (± 3.7) and 3.75 (± 3.3). 41.3% of students scored above 7 in anxiety, and 15.5% exceeded those score for depression. The most popular strategies students chose to deal with decreased mood were: social leisure activities (48.5%), sport (28.6%) and family support (26.7%). Thirty-seven percent of students would do nothing to solve their problems with depressed mood while 12.3% of 1st year students and 23% of 4th year students would seek psychiatrist’s advice.
Conclusions. 1. Medical students have high anxiety level. Symptoms of anxiety are more frequent among 1st than 4th year students. Depressive complains are less common. 2. Anxiety and depressive symptoms are accompanied by loneliness and excessive strain related to studying. 3. Students prefer “positive” social leisure activities at the time of lowered mood. 4. Majority of students depreciate psychiatrist treatment in depression.

Abstract

Background. The aim of this paper is to present frequency of depressive and anxiety symptoms among students of 1st and 4th year of Medical University of Gdańsk. We examined relation between those symptoms, family support and strain connected with studying. We also observed strategies students develop to cope with decreased mood. Finally we established students’ attitude towards mental health services.
Material and methods. We examined 206 students of Medical University in Gdańsk (106 in 1st year and 100 in 4th year) using HADS scale adapted by M. Majkowicz, K. De Walden-Galuszko, G. Chojnacka-Szawlowska and our own questionnaire.
Results. Average HADS results for anxiety were 7.7 (± 4.3) on 1st and 6.5 (± 4.0) on 4th year; the same value for depression were responsively 3.9 (± 3.7) and 3.75 (± 3.3). 41.3% of students scored above 7 in anxiety, and 15.5% exceeded those score for depression. The most popular strategies students chose to deal with decreased mood were: social leisure activities (48.5%), sport (28.6%) and family support (26.7%). Thirty-seven percent of students would do nothing to solve their problems with depressed mood while 12.3% of 1st year students and 23% of 4th year students would seek psychiatrist’s advice.
Conclusions. 1. Medical students have high anxiety level. Symptoms of anxiety are more frequent among 1st than 4th year students. Depressive complains are less common. 2. Anxiety and depressive symptoms are accompanied by loneliness and excessive strain related to studying. 3. Students prefer “positive” social leisure activities at the time of lowered mood. 4. Majority of students depreciate psychiatrist treatment in depression.
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Keywords

medical students; depressive symptoms; anxiety; HADS

About this article
Title

Screening trial for frequency of depressive and anxiety symptoms among students of Medical University of Gdańsk

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 2, No 4 (2005)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

217-224

Published online

2006-02-21

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2005;2(4):217-224.

Keywords

medical students
depressive symptoms
anxiety
HADS

Authors

Katarzyna Marek
Piotr Białoń
Hubert Wichowicz
Hanna Melloch
Anna Nitka-Siemińska

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