open access

Vol 3, No 1 (2006)
Research paper
Published online: 2006-03-23
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The way of creating the world by patients with an episode of depression and strategies of coping with stress

Joanna Szeliga-Lewińska, Jerzy Landowski
Psychiatria 2006;3(1):22-26.

open access

Vol 3, No 1 (2006)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2006-03-23

Abstract

Background. The method of describing an individual structure of the world and cognitive constructs (cognitive schemes) which determine it, is Repertory Grid Test. This individual structure defines our actions and determines what strategy we choose to cope with stressor. The way a person deals with stress seems to be involved in pathogenesis of depression. Depressed patients more often have higher level of neuroticism, which is responsible for lower level of tolerance in difficult situations. The aim of this preliminary study was to look for characteristic type of cognitive constructs in patients with depressive episode, evaluation of the way they construct the world and its relation to neuroticism and the manner of coping with stress.
Material and methods. 15 patients with diagnosis of recurrent depressive episode and 15 healthy controls were subjects of the study. Repertory Grid Test, Polish versions of: CISS, and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire were used.
Results. The scheme "enemy-friendly" was spontaneously evoked by almost all depressive patients. Nobody from control group evoked this construct. In comparison to healthy controls patients described themselves as worthless and pessimistic. They perceived themselves as distinctly different from other people and characterized by a higher level of neuroticism. The factor analysis shows an oversimplified view of the world by depressed patients.
Conclusions. High level of neuroticism, rigid and scanty structure of the world, negative perception of themselves and pessimistic attitude of patients with recurrent depressive episode are related to emotional style of coping with stress.

Abstract

Background. The method of describing an individual structure of the world and cognitive constructs (cognitive schemes) which determine it, is Repertory Grid Test. This individual structure defines our actions and determines what strategy we choose to cope with stressor. The way a person deals with stress seems to be involved in pathogenesis of depression. Depressed patients more often have higher level of neuroticism, which is responsible for lower level of tolerance in difficult situations. The aim of this preliminary study was to look for characteristic type of cognitive constructs in patients with depressive episode, evaluation of the way they construct the world and its relation to neuroticism and the manner of coping with stress.
Material and methods. 15 patients with diagnosis of recurrent depressive episode and 15 healthy controls were subjects of the study. Repertory Grid Test, Polish versions of: CISS, and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire were used.
Results. The scheme "enemy-friendly" was spontaneously evoked by almost all depressive patients. Nobody from control group evoked this construct. In comparison to healthy controls patients described themselves as worthless and pessimistic. They perceived themselves as distinctly different from other people and characterized by a higher level of neuroticism. The factor analysis shows an oversimplified view of the world by depressed patients.
Conclusions. High level of neuroticism, rigid and scanty structure of the world, negative perception of themselves and pessimistic attitude of patients with recurrent depressive episode are related to emotional style of coping with stress.
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Keywords

depression; construct; stress coping; neuroticism; RepGrid

About this article
Title

The way of creating the world by patients with an episode of depression and strategies of coping with stress

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 3, No 1 (2006)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

22-26

Published online

2006-03-23

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2006;3(1):22-26.

Keywords

depression
construct
stress coping
neuroticism
RepGrid

Authors

Joanna Szeliga-Lewińska
Jerzy Landowski

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