open access

Vol 3, No 1 (2006)
Review paper
Published online: 2006-03-23
Get Citation

Alexithymia - there are still a lot of questions. Part I. Definition of alexithymia

Dorota Płońska, Andrzej Czernikiewicz
Psychiatria 2006;3(1):1-7.

open access

Vol 3, No 1 (2006)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane
Published online: 2006-03-23

Abstract

Alexithymia refers to a specific disturbance in emotional processing that is manifested by difficulties in identifying and describing feelings, difficulties in distinguishing feelings from bodily sensations of emotional arousal, a constricted fantasy life and an externally oriented cognitive style. However, the etiology of alexithymia still remains unclear, although several neurobiological models have been proposed. Alexithymia is normally distributed in the general population in both genders, with prevalence of 13%. A variety of measures of alexithymia have been created. The most widely used currently and the best validated instrument is The Toronto Alexithymia Scale 20 (TAS-20), although some researches recommended that studies to be conducted in combination with non-self-report instruments. Alexithymic individuals manifest some characteristic features, for example: flattened affect, express themselves through action and nonverbal behavior, interpersonally distance, lack imagination and insight.

Abstract

Alexithymia refers to a specific disturbance in emotional processing that is manifested by difficulties in identifying and describing feelings, difficulties in distinguishing feelings from bodily sensations of emotional arousal, a constricted fantasy life and an externally oriented cognitive style. However, the etiology of alexithymia still remains unclear, although several neurobiological models have been proposed. Alexithymia is normally distributed in the general population in both genders, with prevalence of 13%. A variety of measures of alexithymia have been created. The most widely used currently and the best validated instrument is The Toronto Alexithymia Scale 20 (TAS-20), although some researches recommended that studies to be conducted in combination with non-self-report instruments. Alexithymic individuals manifest some characteristic features, for example: flattened affect, express themselves through action and nonverbal behavior, interpersonally distance, lack imagination and insight.
Get Citation

Keywords

alexithymia — etiological theory; prevalence; measurement; alexithymic features

About this article
Title

Alexithymia - there are still a lot of questions. Part I. Definition of alexithymia

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 3, No 1 (2006)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

1-7

Published online

2006-03-23

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2006;3(1):1-7.

Keywords

alexithymia — etiological theory
prevalence
measurement
alexithymic features

Authors

Dorota Płońska
Andrzej Czernikiewicz

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Wydawcą serwisu jest Via Medica sp. z o.o. sp. komandytowa, ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl