open access

Vol 3, No 3 (2006)
Review paper
Published online: 2006-11-02
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Multilevel nature of language disorders in clinical practice

Roman Mazur, Maciej Klimarczyk, Jacek Rudy, Walenty Nyka
Psychiatria 2006;3(3):112-117.

open access

Vol 3, No 3 (2006)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane
Published online: 2006-11-02

Abstract

The definition of language, presented in this study, is slightly different from the ones included in encyclopaedias and dictionaries. Clinicians should observe patient’s language and its disorders in comprehensive (holistic) manner. It is because language means communication with the surrounding environment and oneself. This way of communication has been developed in the process of phylogenesis. In the process of evolution, new structures of the nervous system were embedded into pre-existing ones, creating feedback systems. Functioning of these systems is explained by Wiener and Ashby’s cybernetics theory. Polish pioneers of cybernetics appliance were Marian Mazur and Julian Aleksandrowicz.
In our opinion language consists of three elements: limbic, verbal and inner language. "Body language" is an additional "instrument" which helps to intensify the effect of information transfer. We discuss and emphasise practical meaning of multilevel nature of language disorders in selection of suitable diagnostic and therapeutic methods. Reductionalistic approach to the phenomenon of language may lead to diagnostic failures, misunderstanding of patient’s problems and makes the selection of suitable therapy impossible.

Abstract

The definition of language, presented in this study, is slightly different from the ones included in encyclopaedias and dictionaries. Clinicians should observe patient’s language and its disorders in comprehensive (holistic) manner. It is because language means communication with the surrounding environment and oneself. This way of communication has been developed in the process of phylogenesis. In the process of evolution, new structures of the nervous system were embedded into pre-existing ones, creating feedback systems. Functioning of these systems is explained by Wiener and Ashby’s cybernetics theory. Polish pioneers of cybernetics appliance were Marian Mazur and Julian Aleksandrowicz.
In our opinion language consists of three elements: limbic, verbal and inner language. "Body language" is an additional "instrument" which helps to intensify the effect of information transfer. We discuss and emphasise practical meaning of multilevel nature of language disorders in selection of suitable diagnostic and therapeutic methods. Reductionalistic approach to the phenomenon of language may lead to diagnostic failures, misunderstanding of patient’s problems and makes the selection of suitable therapy impossible.
Get Citation

Keywords

language and its multilevel nature; disorders of limbic; verbal and inner language; body language

About this article
Title

Multilevel nature of language disorders in clinical practice

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 3, No 3 (2006)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

112-117

Published online

2006-11-02

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2006;3(3):112-117.

Keywords

language and its multilevel nature
disorders of limbic
verbal and inner language
body language

Authors

Roman Mazur
Maciej Klimarczyk
Jacek Rudy
Walenty Nyka

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