open access

Vol 5, No 1 (2008)
Research paper
Published online: 2008-03-12
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The influence of comorbid personality disorders on the clinical presentation of panic disorder

Agnieszka Orłowska-Pawliszyn, Jerzy Landowski
Psychiatria 2008;5(1):1-6.

open access

Vol 5, No 1 (2008)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2008-03-12

Abstract

Introduction. This study aims to evaluate the comorbidity of panic disorder and personality disorders. The study also examines the influence of personality disorders on clinical picture of panic disorder.
Material and methods. Fifty patients with panic disorder with or without agoraphobia (40 woman and 10 man) particpated in this study. SCID-I , SCID-II, PDSS were used to establish the diagnosis. The U Mann-Whitney test and c2 test were used for statistical analysis.
Results. 76% of panic disorders patients had at least one of the specific personality disorder. Among personality disorders the cluster C was dominant (60%). The clinical picture of panic disorder was dependant on the comorbid of personality disorder present. The severity of avoidance bahaviour was statistically higher (p < 0.05) among patients with personality disorders. A higher level of avoidance behaviors was seen in cluster C personalities (p = 0,04), as compared to the control group. However, compared with patients with other personality disorders, these patients displayed a significantly lower level of anticipatory anxiety (p = 0.049).
Conclusions. There is a frequent comorbidity of panic disorder and personality disorders. Among these personality disorders the Cluster C is dominant. The presence of specific personality disorders, particularly Cluster C, is associated with a greater intensity of avoidance behaviour.
Psychiatry 2008; 5: 1-6

Abstract

Introduction. This study aims to evaluate the comorbidity of panic disorder and personality disorders. The study also examines the influence of personality disorders on clinical picture of panic disorder.
Material and methods. Fifty patients with panic disorder with or without agoraphobia (40 woman and 10 man) particpated in this study. SCID-I , SCID-II, PDSS were used to establish the diagnosis. The U Mann-Whitney test and c2 test were used for statistical analysis.
Results. 76% of panic disorders patients had at least one of the specific personality disorder. Among personality disorders the cluster C was dominant (60%). The clinical picture of panic disorder was dependant on the comorbid of personality disorder present. The severity of avoidance bahaviour was statistically higher (p < 0.05) among patients with personality disorders. A higher level of avoidance behaviors was seen in cluster C personalities (p = 0,04), as compared to the control group. However, compared with patients with other personality disorders, these patients displayed a significantly lower level of anticipatory anxiety (p = 0.049).
Conclusions. There is a frequent comorbidity of panic disorder and personality disorders. Among these personality disorders the Cluster C is dominant. The presence of specific personality disorders, particularly Cluster C, is associated with a greater intensity of avoidance behaviour.
Psychiatry 2008; 5: 1-6
Get Citation

Keywords

panic disorder; personality disorders

About this article
Title

The influence of comorbid personality disorders on the clinical presentation of panic disorder

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 5, No 1 (2008)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

1-6

Published online

2008-03-12

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2008;5(1):1-6.

Keywords

panic disorder
personality disorders

Authors

Agnieszka Orłowska-Pawliszyn
Jerzy Landowski

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