open access

Vol 5, No 3 (2008)
Research paper
Published online: 2008-10-03
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Some aspects of anxiety in victims of domestic violence

Małgorzata Dąbkowska
Psychiatria 2008;5(3):91-98.

open access

Vol 5, No 3 (2008)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2008-10-03

Abstract


Introduction. The aim of the study was an assessment of traumatic events’ (home bullying) influence on victims’ mental condition. The study examine whether some aspects of anxiety is associated with adverse life events, especially home bullying.
Material and methods. The examined group consisted of 59 women at the age between 17 and 64 years, the average age 35.9 years. All examined women were residents of home bullying victims hostel or single mothers’ hostel. Perpetrators used psychical violence (humiliating, menacing, deriding, setting financial limits, cheating victims out of money) or physical violence (beating and spanking, strangling, tieing together, sexual intercourse forcing, locking in a house). To assess the level and symptoms of anxiety Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAS) was used. To assess the level of anxiety as state and as trait the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) self-evaluation questionnaire was used. To assess the level of social anxiety self-report Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was used.
Results. The average level of intensity of anxiety according to HAS was 16.5 points. In 28.8% of women the medium intensity anxiety were found, in 8.4% - hard intensity anxiety. In the studied group the low level of anxiety as a trait and as a state was noted. Social anxiety was reported among 57.1% of women who have experienced domestic violence. Thirty eight percent was noted with a subtype of isolated social anxiety, whereas 19% had a generalized subtype of social phobia. Moderate intensity of social anxiety was presented by 9.5% of women, quite significant by 6.4% and severe and very severe by 9.4% of respondents.
Conclusions. Traumatic events caused by home bullying can be a source of anxiety in victims. Victims of domestic violence are inherently at risk of social anxiety.

Abstract


Introduction. The aim of the study was an assessment of traumatic events’ (home bullying) influence on victims’ mental condition. The study examine whether some aspects of anxiety is associated with adverse life events, especially home bullying.
Material and methods. The examined group consisted of 59 women at the age between 17 and 64 years, the average age 35.9 years. All examined women were residents of home bullying victims hostel or single mothers’ hostel. Perpetrators used psychical violence (humiliating, menacing, deriding, setting financial limits, cheating victims out of money) or physical violence (beating and spanking, strangling, tieing together, sexual intercourse forcing, locking in a house). To assess the level and symptoms of anxiety Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAS) was used. To assess the level of anxiety as state and as trait the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) self-evaluation questionnaire was used. To assess the level of social anxiety self-report Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was used.
Results. The average level of intensity of anxiety according to HAS was 16.5 points. In 28.8% of women the medium intensity anxiety were found, in 8.4% - hard intensity anxiety. In the studied group the low level of anxiety as a trait and as a state was noted. Social anxiety was reported among 57.1% of women who have experienced domestic violence. Thirty eight percent was noted with a subtype of isolated social anxiety, whereas 19% had a generalized subtype of social phobia. Moderate intensity of social anxiety was presented by 9.5% of women, quite significant by 6.4% and severe and very severe by 9.4% of respondents.
Conclusions. Traumatic events caused by home bullying can be a source of anxiety in victims. Victims of domestic violence are inherently at risk of social anxiety.
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Keywords

domestic violence; symptoms of anxiety; state/trait anxiety; social anxiety

About this article
Title

Some aspects of anxiety in victims of domestic violence

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 5, No 3 (2008)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

91-98

Published online

2008-10-03

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2008;5(3):91-98.

Keywords

domestic violence
symptoms of anxiety
state/trait anxiety
social anxiety

Authors

Małgorzata Dąbkowska

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