open access

Vol 5, No 3 (2008)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2008-10-03
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Psychosomatic reaction to stress in primary care patients

Jan Kader, Michał Wiktor, Bogusław Borys
Psychiatria 2008;5(3):83-90.

open access

Vol 5, No 3 (2008)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2008-10-03

Abstract


Introduction. Stress is an intrinsic element of everyday life. Any new situation or task may cause stress. We cannot live without it but we can cope with it in ways that may be more or less successful. There are various strategies and styles of coping with stress. How can people - in this case patients of national health system - cope with stress and what psychosomatic consequences coping with stress may have, this is the subject of this study.
Material and methods. Endler and Parker (CISS) questionnaire and specially prepared, dedicated questionnaire have been used in the study. The examined population covered two groups: 80 people suffering from hypertension arterialis and 74 people without hypertension arterialis. All examined persons were between 20 and 70 years old.
Results. The results of the examination showed that various forms of worse mood are a basic reaction to stress in case of patients with hypertension arterialis. Whereas in case of patients not suffering from hypertension arterialis an aggressive reaction is more common.
Conclusions. When coping with stress is concerned, the examination revealed that patients with hypertension arterialis more often use a style focused on emotions. On the other hand, in the second group, without hypertension arterialis, avoiding style was more often the method.

Abstract


Introduction. Stress is an intrinsic element of everyday life. Any new situation or task may cause stress. We cannot live without it but we can cope with it in ways that may be more or less successful. There are various strategies and styles of coping with stress. How can people - in this case patients of national health system - cope with stress and what psychosomatic consequences coping with stress may have, this is the subject of this study.
Material and methods. Endler and Parker (CISS) questionnaire and specially prepared, dedicated questionnaire have been used in the study. The examined population covered two groups: 80 people suffering from hypertension arterialis and 74 people without hypertension arterialis. All examined persons were between 20 and 70 years old.
Results. The results of the examination showed that various forms of worse mood are a basic reaction to stress in case of patients with hypertension arterialis. Whereas in case of patients not suffering from hypertension arterialis an aggressive reaction is more common.
Conclusions. When coping with stress is concerned, the examination revealed that patients with hypertension arterialis more often use a style focused on emotions. On the other hand, in the second group, without hypertension arterialis, avoiding style was more often the method.
Get Citation

Keywords

stress; hypertension arterialis; coping with stress; CISS

About this article
Title

Psychosomatic reaction to stress in primary care patients

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 5, No 3 (2008)

Pages

83-90

Published online

2008-10-03

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2008;5(3):83-90.

Keywords

stress
hypertension arterialis
coping with stress
CISS

Authors

Jan Kader
Michał Wiktor
Bogusław Borys

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