open access

Vol 6, No 3 (2009)
Research paper
Published online: 2009-12-09
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Family and professional situation and life events in patients suffering from hypertension

Jan Kader, Bogusław Borys, Michał Wiktor, Arkadiusz Bianga
Psychiatria 2009;6(3):91-102.

open access

Vol 6, No 3 (2009)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2009-12-09

Abstract


Introduction. Whenever talking about the psychological and environmental factors of the risk of hypertension, the long-lasting psychological stress is listed as one of the main causes of this disorder. The sources of this stress, however, are rarely discussed. The aim of this study is to point out the possible sources of stress, to which patients suffering from hypertension are exposed to in the family and professional life, and to examine their links to this disorder.
Material and methods. Special questionnaire has been prepared for this purpose. A survey was undertaken on 157 people who were public health service patients. The examined population consisted of two groups: 84 patients diagnosed with hypertension and 73 patients not suffering from this disorder. All examined persons were between 20 to 75 years old.
Results. The survey results showed that people who have bad family or marriage relations or become widowed are more likely to suffer from hypertension. The survey also revealed that the professionally active people are definitely less affected by this disorder than the unemployed. Further, the risk of hypertension is highly increased by an illness of relatives (a spouse or a child) or a loss of a parent or a spouse. Patients who had had negative life events in the previous 10 years, particularly over the last year, are more affected by hypertension than those who had not had such events.
Conclusion. As a result of this study, it became apparent that the risk of hypertension is linked to the various forms of the family and professional distress as well as negative life events.

Abstract


Introduction. Whenever talking about the psychological and environmental factors of the risk of hypertension, the long-lasting psychological stress is listed as one of the main causes of this disorder. The sources of this stress, however, are rarely discussed. The aim of this study is to point out the possible sources of stress, to which patients suffering from hypertension are exposed to in the family and professional life, and to examine their links to this disorder.
Material and methods. Special questionnaire has been prepared for this purpose. A survey was undertaken on 157 people who were public health service patients. The examined population consisted of two groups: 84 patients diagnosed with hypertension and 73 patients not suffering from this disorder. All examined persons were between 20 to 75 years old.
Results. The survey results showed that people who have bad family or marriage relations or become widowed are more likely to suffer from hypertension. The survey also revealed that the professionally active people are definitely less affected by this disorder than the unemployed. Further, the risk of hypertension is highly increased by an illness of relatives (a spouse or a child) or a loss of a parent or a spouse. Patients who had had negative life events in the previous 10 years, particularly over the last year, are more affected by hypertension than those who had not had such events.
Conclusion. As a result of this study, it became apparent that the risk of hypertension is linked to the various forms of the family and professional distress as well as negative life events.
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Keywords

stress; hypertension arterialis; stressor; SRRS

About this article
Title

Family and professional situation and life events in patients suffering from hypertension

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 6, No 3 (2009)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

91-102

Published online

2009-12-09

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2009;6(3):91-102.

Keywords

stress
hypertension arterialis
stressor
SRRS

Authors

Jan Kader
Bogusław Borys
Michał Wiktor
Arkadiusz Bianga

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