open access

Vol 7, No 4 (2010)
Research paper
Published online: 2010-09-13
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Posttraumatic growth — characteristic and measurement

Nina Ogińska-Bulik, Zygfryd Juczyński
Psychiatria 2010;7(4):129-142.

open access

Vol 7, No 4 (2010)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2010-09-13

Abstract


Introduction. Positive changes following trauma and adversity - which have been labeled as posttraumatic growth - have received considerable attention during the last decade. The article presents the characteristics of the construct, mechanism of development, factors determining its occurrence and ways of assessment. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) developed by Tedeschi and Calhoun is a most popular measure of this construct. Adaptation of PTGI to Polish conditions have been conducted.
Material and methods. A sample of 730 persons, aged 16-75 (M = 36.5; SD = 14.3), 49.6% men and 50.4% women, who experienced various traumatic events, completed the Polish version of the inventory.
Results. Polish version of the PTGI has obtained satisfactory psychometric properties. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient is 0.93, internal stability (assessed by test–retest) - 0.74. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure for the PTGI, including: Changes in self-perception, Changes in relating to others, Appreciation for life and Spiritual changes. They explain 57.7% of the total variance. The current normative data of the Polish version of PTGI are also presented.
Conclusions. The obtained results confirm that Polish version of PTGI is a reliable and valid method to measure posttraumatic growth.
Psychiatry 2010; 7, 4: 129-142

Abstract


Introduction. Positive changes following trauma and adversity - which have been labeled as posttraumatic growth - have received considerable attention during the last decade. The article presents the characteristics of the construct, mechanism of development, factors determining its occurrence and ways of assessment. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) developed by Tedeschi and Calhoun is a most popular measure of this construct. Adaptation of PTGI to Polish conditions have been conducted.
Material and methods. A sample of 730 persons, aged 16-75 (M = 36.5; SD = 14.3), 49.6% men and 50.4% women, who experienced various traumatic events, completed the Polish version of the inventory.
Results. Polish version of the PTGI has obtained satisfactory psychometric properties. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient is 0.93, internal stability (assessed by test–retest) - 0.74. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure for the PTGI, including: Changes in self-perception, Changes in relating to others, Appreciation for life and Spiritual changes. They explain 57.7% of the total variance. The current normative data of the Polish version of PTGI are also presented.
Conclusions. The obtained results confirm that Polish version of PTGI is a reliable and valid method to measure posttraumatic growth.
Psychiatry 2010; 7, 4: 129-142
Get Citation

Keywords

posttraumatic growth; Posttraumatic Growth Inventory; PTGI assessment

About this article
Title

Posttraumatic growth — characteristic and measurement

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 7, No 4 (2010)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

129-142

Published online

2010-09-13

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2010;7(4):129-142.

Keywords

posttraumatic growth
Posttraumatic Growth Inventory
PTGI assessment

Authors

Nina Ogińska-Bulik
Zygfryd Juczyński

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