open access

Vol 7, No 5 (2010)
Research paper
Published online: 2010-11-15
Get Citation

Eating disorders in male child and adolescent clinical population

Anna Monika Cieślukowska, Izabela Łucka
Psychiatria 2010;7(5):173-179.

open access

Vol 7, No 5 (2010)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2010-11-15

Abstract


Introduction. The holistic perspective on male eating disorders cases remain rare. The main goal of the discussed retrospective study was to analyze the clinical manifestation as well as the dynamics of longstanding psychopathological symptoms among hospitalized male patients diagnosed with eating disorder taking into particular consideration the specificity of presented symptomatology, the realization versus non-realization of the therapeutic contract and psychiatric disorders running in the family of origin.
Material and methods. A total number of 12 male child and adolescent subjects, hospitalized between 1982 and 2007, who satisfied diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, participated in the retrospective study. The quantity analysis covered: age, height, weight as well as body mass index value at the time of baseline and follow-up assessment, weight loss as well as time of weight loss and time of hospitalization. The quality analysis covered: the specificity of presented psychopathological symptomatology as being the exemplification of the diagnostic subtypes among eating disorders spectrum, comorbid psychiatric syndromes, the attitude towards therapeutic contract as well as psychiatric disturbances running in the family of origin.
Results and conclusions. The presented findings imply that the clinical manifestation of the disturbed eating behaviour and weight regulation pattern in male child and adolescent clinical population is not homogenous. Potential directions for future research among male population are introduced. Overall, further comparative studies (male versus female both inpatient and outpatient population) as well as data obtained from prospective longitudinal studies would provide important knowledge to the field.
Psychiatry 2010; 7, 5: 173-179

Abstract


Introduction. The holistic perspective on male eating disorders cases remain rare. The main goal of the discussed retrospective study was to analyze the clinical manifestation as well as the dynamics of longstanding psychopathological symptoms among hospitalized male patients diagnosed with eating disorder taking into particular consideration the specificity of presented symptomatology, the realization versus non-realization of the therapeutic contract and psychiatric disorders running in the family of origin.
Material and methods. A total number of 12 male child and adolescent subjects, hospitalized between 1982 and 2007, who satisfied diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, participated in the retrospective study. The quantity analysis covered: age, height, weight as well as body mass index value at the time of baseline and follow-up assessment, weight loss as well as time of weight loss and time of hospitalization. The quality analysis covered: the specificity of presented psychopathological symptomatology as being the exemplification of the diagnostic subtypes among eating disorders spectrum, comorbid psychiatric syndromes, the attitude towards therapeutic contract as well as psychiatric disturbances running in the family of origin.
Results and conclusions. The presented findings imply that the clinical manifestation of the disturbed eating behaviour and weight regulation pattern in male child and adolescent clinical population is not homogenous. Potential directions for future research among male population are introduced. Overall, further comparative studies (male versus female both inpatient and outpatient population) as well as data obtained from prospective longitudinal studies would provide important knowledge to the field.
Psychiatry 2010; 7, 5: 173-179
Get Citation

Keywords

eating disorders; male; clinical population

About this article
Title

Eating disorders in male child and adolescent clinical population

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 7, No 5 (2010)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

173-179

Published online

2010-11-15

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2010;7(5):173-179.

Keywords

eating disorders
male
clinical population

Authors

Anna Monika Cieślukowska
Izabela Łucka

References (19)
  1. Keel PK, Klump KL. Are eating disorders culture-bound syndromes? Implications for conceptualizing their etiology. Psychol Bull. 2003; 129(5): 747–769.
  2. Garfinkel PE, Garner DM. Anorexia nervosa: a multidimensional perspective. Brunner/Mazel, New York 1982.
  3. Józefik B. Epidemiologia zaburzeń odżywiania się. . In: Józefik B. ed. Anoreksja i bulimia psychiczna. Rozumienie i leczenie zaburzeń odżywiania się. Wyd. 2. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Kraków 1999: 22–29.
  4. Sharp C, Clark S, Dunan J, et al. Clinical presentation of anorexia nervosa in males: 24 new cases. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 1994; 15(2): 125–134, doi: 10.1002/1098-108x(199403)15:2<125::aid-eat2260150204>3.0.co;2-o.
  5. Olivardia R, Pope HG, Mangweth B, et al. Eating disorders in college men. Am J Psychiatry. 1995; 152(9): 1279–1285.
  6. Carlat DJ, Camargo CA, Herzog DB. Eating disorders in males: a report on 135 patients. Am J Psychiatry. 1997; 154(8): 1127–1132.
  7. Andersen AE. Gender-related aspects of eating disorders: a guide to practice. J Gend Specif Med. 1999; 2(1): 47–54.
  8. Striegel-Moore RH, Garvin V, Dohm FA, et al. Psychiatric comorbidity of eating disorders in men: a national study of hospitalized veterans. Int J Eat Disord. 1999; 25(4): 399–404.
  9. Carlat DJ, Camargo CA. Review of bulimia nervosa in males. Am J Psychiatry. 1991; 148(7): 831–843.
  10. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Third Edition. American Psychiatric Association, Washington DC 1987.
  11. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition. American Psychiatric Association, Washington DC 1994.
  12. Woodside DB. Eating disorders in men: an overview. Healthy Weight Journal. 2002; 7/8: 52–55.
  13. Andersen A, DiDomenico L. Diet vs. shape content of popular male and female magazines: A dose-response relationship to the incidence of eating disorders? International Journal of Eating Disorders. 1992; 11(3): 283–287, doi: 10.1002/1098-108x(199204)11:3<283::aid-eat2260110313>3.0.co;2-o.
  14. Gillett J, White PG. Male bodybuilding and the reassertion of hegemonic masculinity: a critical feminist perspective. Play and Culture. 1992; 5: 358–369.
  15. Olivardia R, Pope HG, Hudson JI. Muscle dysmorphia in male weightlifters: a case-control study. Am J Psychiatry. 2000; 157(8): 1291–1296.
  16. Petrie T, Rogers R. Extending the Discussion of Eating Disorders to Include Men and Athletes. The Counseling Psychologist. 2001; 29(5): 743–753.
  17. Crisp A. 1.5. Anorexia nervosa in males: similarities and differences to anorexia nervosa in females. European Eating Disorders Review. 2006; 14(3): 163–167.
  18. Lindblad F, Lindberg L, Hjern A. Anorexia nervosa in young men: A cohort study. Int J Eat Disord. 2006; 39(8): 662–666.
  19. Nicholls D. Aetiology. In: Lask B, Bryant-Waugh R. ed. Eating Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence. Wyd. 3. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, London and New York 2007: 51–74.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Wydawcą serwisu jest Via Medica sp. z o.o. sp. komandytowa, ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl