Vol 78, No 6 (2020)
Original article
Published online: 2020-04-08

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Radial versus femoral access in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention and rotational atherectomy

Rafał Januszek, Zbigniew Siudak, Krzysztof Piotr Malinowski, Krzysztof Reczuch, Sławomir Dobrzycki, Maciej Lesiak, Michał Hawranek, Robert Julian Gil, Adam Witkowski, Wojciech Wojakowski, Andrzej Lekston, Mariusz Gąsior, Wojciech Wańha, Dariusz Dudek, Stanisław Bartuś
Pubmed: 32267133
Kardiol Pol 2020;78(6):529-536.

Abstract

Background: The association between periprocedural complications and the type of vascular access in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and rotational atherectomy (RA) has not been investigated as frequently as in an overall group of patients treated with PCI.

Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the associations between the type of vascular access and selected periprocedural complications in a group of patients treated with PCI and RA.

Methods: ased on a nationwide Polish registry (National Registry of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions [ORPKI]), we analyzed 536 826 patients treated with PCI between the years 2014 and 2018. The study included 2713 patients (0.5% of the overall group of patients treated with PCI [n = 536 826]) treated with PCI and RA. Among them, 1018 (37.5%) were treated via femoral access, and 1653 (60.9%) via radial access. Subsequently, these patients were subject to comparison, which was proceeded by propensity score matching.

Results: Following propensity score matching, multiple regression analysis revealed that patients undergoing PCI via femoral access experienced coronary artery perforation significantly less frequently than those managed via radial access (odds ratio, 0.29; 95% CI, 0.08–0.92; P = 0.04). We did not observe any significant associations between the type of vascular access and the periprocedural mortality rate (P = 0.99), cardiac arrest (P = 0.41), puncture‑site bleeding (P = 0.99), allergic reaction (P = 0.32), myocardial infarction (P = 0.48), no‑reflow phenomenon (P = 0.82), or the overall complication rate (P = 0.31).

Conclusion: In patients treated with PCI and RA, femoral access is associated with a lower rate of coronary artery perforations as compared with radial access.

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Polish Heart Journal (Kardiologia Polska)