open access

Vol 14, No 1 (2020)
Case report
Published online: 2020-05-08
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How to manage exacerbation of respiratory failure in a patient diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Katarzyna Anna Blacharska-Krzanowska, Kartarzyna Anna Strzępek, Jarosław Woroń, Teresa Weber-Lipiec
DOI: 10.5603/PMPI.2020.0006
·
Palliat Med Pract 2020;14(1):44-50.

open access

Vol 14, No 1 (2020)
Case report
Published online: 2020-05-08

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a debilitating neurodegenerative disease of unclear pathogenesis, which leads to the damage of motor neurons. The majority of patients survive two to five years after a diagnosis is made. Despite numerous clinical trials and some progress in understanding ALS pathology, no treatment that effectively inhibits the disease progression has been developed. The aim of this paper is to review a patient’s disease history from diagnosis, through the occurrence of respiratory failure features, until the start of non-invasive ventilation (NIV), including the assessment of the efficacy of this therapy during respiratory failure exacerbation. ALS is an incurable disease, but many of its symptoms may be relieved, and therapy should be aimed at quality of life improvement and maintaining the patient’s independence and comfort as long as possible. Better quality of life and longer survival are currently well-established advantages of NIV. Palliat Med Pract 2020; 14, 1: 44–50

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a debilitating neurodegenerative disease of unclear pathogenesis, which leads to the damage of motor neurons. The majority of patients survive two to five years after a diagnosis is made. Despite numerous clinical trials and some progress in understanding ALS pathology, no treatment that effectively inhibits the disease progression has been developed. The aim of this paper is to review a patient’s disease history from diagnosis, through the occurrence of respiratory failure features, until the start of non-invasive ventilation (NIV), including the assessment of the efficacy of this therapy during respiratory failure exacerbation. ALS is an incurable disease, but many of its symptoms may be relieved, and therapy should be aimed at quality of life improvement and maintaining the patient’s independence and comfort as long as possible. Better quality of life and longer survival are currently well-established advantages of NIV. Palliat Med Pract 2020; 14, 1: 44–50
Get Citation

Keywords

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, respiratory failure, non-invasive ventilation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

About this article
Title

How to manage exacerbation of respiratory failure in a patient diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Journal

Palliative Medicine in Practice

Issue

Vol 14, No 1 (2020)

Article type

Case report

Pages

44-50

Published online

2020-05-08

DOI

10.5603/PMPI.2020.0006

Bibliographic record

Palliat Med Pract 2020;14(1):44-50.

Keywords

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
respiratory failure
non-invasive ventilation
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Authors

Katarzyna Anna Blacharska-Krzanowska
Kartarzyna Anna Strzępek
Jarosław Woroń
Teresa Weber-Lipiec

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